Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.233.19

तमो रजश्च सत्त्वं च विद्धि जीवगुणानिमान् ।
जीवमात्मगुणं विद्यादात्मानं परमात्मनः ॥ १९ ॥

tamo rajaśca sattvaṃ ca viddhi jīvaguṇānimān |
jīvamātmaguṇaṃ vidyādātmānaṃ paramātmanaḥ || 19 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...ones came out, they began to grow up in that nest, for Jajali moved not in the least. Firm in the observance of his vows, the righteous-souled Rishi continued to hold and protect those eggs by standing on that...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.233.19). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tama, Tamas, Raja, Rajas, Sattva, Jiva, Jivan, Guna, Idam, Atmaguna, Vidya, Atman, Paramatman,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.233.19). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tamo rajaśca sattvaṃ ca viddhi jīvaguṇānimān
  • tamo* -
  • tamas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    tama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • rajaś -
  • rajas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rajas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    raja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sattvam -
  • sattva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sattva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • viddhi -
  • viddhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vid (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second single]
  • jīva -
  • jīva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jīva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jīvan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    jīvan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jīv (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • guṇān -
  • guṇa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • imān -
  • idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “jīvamātmaguṇaṃ vidyādātmānaṃ paramātmanaḥ
  • jīvam -
  • jīva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jīva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jīvā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    jīv -> jīvam (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √jīv]
    jīvan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    jīvan (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
  • ātmaguṇam -
  • ātmaguṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vidyād -
  • vidya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    vid (verb class 2)
    [optative active third single]
  • ātmānam -
  • ātman (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • paramātmanaḥ -
  • paramātman (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.233.19

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.233.19 in Kannada sript:
ತಮೋ ರಜಶ್ಚ ಸತ್ತ್ವಂ ಚ ವಿದ್ಧಿ ಜೀವಗುಣಾನಿಮಾನ್ ।
ಜೀವಮಾತ್ಮಗುಣಂ ವಿದ್ಯಾದಾತ್ಮಾನಂ ಪರಮಾತ್ಮನಃ ॥ ೧೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.233.19 in Bengali sript:
তমো রজশ্চ সত্ত্বং চ বিদ্ধি জীবগুণানিমান্ ।
জীবমাত্মগুণং বিদ্যাদাত্মানং পরমাত্মনঃ ॥ ১৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.233.19 in Gujarati sript:
તમો રજશ્ચ સત્ત્વં ચ વિદ્ધિ જીવગુણાનિમાન્ ।
જીવમાત્મગુણં વિદ્યાદાત્માનં પરમાત્મનઃ ॥ ૧૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.233.19 in Malayalam sript:
തമോ രജശ്ച സത്ത്വം ച വിദ്ധി ജീവഗുണാനിമാന് ।
ജീവമാത്മഗുണം വിദ്യാദാത്മാനം പരമാത്മനഃ ॥ ൧൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.233.19 in Telugu sript:
తమో రజశ్చ సత్త్వం చ విద్ధి జీవగుణానిమాన్ ।
జీవమాత్మగుణం విద్యాదాత్మానం పరమాత్మనః ॥ ౧౯ ॥

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