Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.233.12

यत्र गत्वा न म्रियते यत्र गत्वा न जायते ।
न जीर्यते यत्र गत्वा यत्र गत्वा न वर्धते ॥ १२ ॥

yatra gatvā na mriyate yatra gatvā na jāyate |
na jīryate yatra gatvā yatra gatvā na vardhate || 12 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...his head repeated downpours from the clouds. He had to pass through the woods repeatedly. What with exposure to the rains and what with the filth they caught, the locks of that sinless Rishi became entangled...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.233.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yatra, Mriyat, Jayat, Jiryat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.233.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yatra gatvā na mriyate yatra gatvā na jāyate
  • yatra -
  • yatra (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yatra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yatra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gatvā -
  • gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
    gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
    gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mriyate -
  • mṛ -> mriyat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √mṛ class 6 verb]
    mṛ -> mriyat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √mṛ class 6 verb]
    mṛ (verb class 1)
    [present passive third single]
    mṛ (verb class 6)
    [present middle third single], [present passive third single]
  • yatra -
  • yatra (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yatra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yatra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gatvā -
  • gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
    gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
    gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jāyate -
  • jai -> jāyat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √jai class 1 verb]
    jai -> jāyat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √jai class 1 verb]
    jai (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]
    jan (verb class 4)
    [present middle third single]
  • Line 2: “na jīryate yatra gatvā yatra gatvā na vardhate
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jīryate -
  • jṝ -> jīryat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √jṝ class 4 verb]
    jṝ -> jīryat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √jṝ class 4 verb]
    jṝ (verb class 1)
    [present passive third single]
    jṝ (verb class 10)
    [present passive third single]
    jṝ (verb class 4)
    [present passive third single]
    jṝ (verb class 9)
    [present passive third single]
  • yatra -
  • yatra (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yatra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yatra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gatvā -
  • gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
    gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
    gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
  • yatra -
  • yatra (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yatra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yatra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gatvā -
  • gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
    gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
    gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vardhate -
  • vṛdh (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.233.12

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.233.12 in Kannada sript:
ಯತ್ರ ಗತ್ವಾ ನ ಮ್ರಿಯತೇ ಯತ್ರ ಗತ್ವಾ ನ ಜಾಯತೇ ।
ನ ಜೀರ್ಯತೇ ಯತ್ರ ಗತ್ವಾ ಯತ್ರ ಗತ್ವಾ ನ ವರ್ಧತೇ ॥ ೧೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.233.12 in Bengali sript:
যত্র গত্বা ন ম্রিযতে যত্র গত্বা ন জাযতে ।
ন জীর্যতে যত্র গত্বা যত্র গত্বা ন বর্ধতে ॥ ১২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.233.12 in Gujarati sript:
યત્ર ગત્વા ન મ્રિયતે યત્ર ગત્વા ન જાયતે ।
ન જીર્યતે યત્ર ગત્વા યત્ર ગત્વા ન વર્ધતે ॥ ૧૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.233.12 in Malayalam sript:
യത്ര ഗത്വാ ന മ്രിയതേ യത്ര ഗത്വാ ന ജായതേ ।
ന ജീര്യതേ യത്ര ഗത്വാ യത്ര ഗത്വാ ന വര്ധതേ ॥ ൧൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.233.12 in Telugu sript:
యత్ర గత్వా న మ్రియతే యత్ర గత్వా న జాయతే ।
న జీర్యతే యత్ర గత్వా యత్ర గత్వా న వర్ధతే ॥ ౧౨ ॥

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