Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.233.3

भीष्म उवाच ।
इत्युक्तः प्रत्युवाचेदं पराशरसुतः सुतम् ।
कर्मविद्यामयावेतौ व्याख्यास्यामि क्षराक्षरौ ॥ ३ ॥

bhīṣma uvāca |
ityuktaḥ pratyuvācedaṃ parāśarasutaḥ sutam |
karmavidyāmayāvetau vyākhyāsyāmi kṣarākṣarau || 3 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...while he repeated this to himself, the Pisacas said unto him, 'It behoves you not to say so. There is a man, named Tuladhara, possessed of great fame and engaged in the business of buying and selling. Even he...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.233.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Bhishma, Iti, Ukta, Prati, Idam, Parashara, Sut, Suta, Karman, Vidyamaya, Eta, Eti, Esha, Vyakhya, Kshara, Akshara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.233.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “bhīṣma uvāca
  • bhīṣma* -
  • bhīṣma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “ityuktaḥ pratyuvācedaṃ parāśarasutaḥ sutam
  • ityu -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • uktaḥ -
  • ukta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vac -> ukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vac class 2 verb], [nominative single from √vac class 3 verb]
  • pratyu -
  • prati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    prati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pratī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    pratī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    prati (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • uvāce -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • idam -
  • idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • parāśara -
  • parāśara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sutaḥ -
  • sut (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    sut (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    suta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    su -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √su class 5 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √ class 2 verb]
    su (verb class 2)
    [present active third dual]
  • sutam -
  • suta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    suta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sutā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    sut (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    su -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √su class 5 verb]
    su -> suta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √su class 5 verb], [accusative single from √su class 5 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> suta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ class 6 verb], [accusative single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> suta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> suta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ class 2 verb], [accusative single from √ class 2 verb]
    su (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • Line 3: “karmavidyāmayāvetau vyākhyāsyāmi kṣarākṣarau
  • karma -
  • karman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • vidyāmayāve -
  • vidyāmaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • etau -
  • eta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    eti (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • vyākhyā -
  • vyākhyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • asyāmi -
  • as (verb class 4)
    [present active first single]
  • kṣarā -
  • kṣara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṣara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṣarā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    kṣar (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • akṣarau -
  • akṣara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.233.3

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.233.3 in Kannada sript:
ಭೀಷ್ಮ ಉವಾಚ ।
ಇತ್ಯುಕ್ತಃ ಪ್ರತ್ಯುವಾಚೇದಂ ಪರಾಶರಸುತಃ ಸುತಮ್ ।
ಕರ್ಮವಿದ್ಯಾಮಯಾವೇತೌ ವ್ಯಾಖ್ಯಾಸ್ಯಾಮಿ ಕ್ಷರಾಕ್ಷರೌ ॥ ೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.233.3 in Bengali sript:
ভীষ্ম উবাচ ।
ইত্যুক্তঃ প্রত্যুবাচেদং পরাশরসুতঃ সুতম্ ।
কর্মবিদ্যামযাবেতৌ ব্যাখ্যাস্যামি ক্ষরাক্ষরৌ ॥ ৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.233.3 in Gujarati sript:
ભીષ્મ ઉવાચ ।
ઇત્યુક્તઃ પ્રત્યુવાચેદં પરાશરસુતઃ સુતમ્ ।
કર્મવિદ્યામયાવેતૌ વ્યાખ્યાસ્યામિ ક્ષરાક્ષરૌ ॥ ૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.233.3 in Malayalam sript:
ഭീഷ്മ ഉവാച ।
ഇത്യുക്തഃ പ്രത്യുവാചേദം പരാശരസുതഃ സുതമ് ।
കര്മവിദ്യാമയാവേതൌ വ്യാഖ്യാസ്യാമി ക്ഷരാക്ഷരൌ ॥ ൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.233.3 in Telugu sript:
భీష్మ ఉవాచ ।
ఇత్యుక్తః ప్రత్యువాచేదం పరాశరసుతః సుతమ్ ।
కర్మవిద్యామయావేతౌ వ్యాఖ్యాస్యామి క్షరాక్షరౌ ॥ ౩ ॥

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