Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.227.2

वेदवादेषु कुशला ह्यध्यात्मकुशलाश्च ये ।
सत्त्ववन्तो महाभागाः पश्यन्ति प्रभवाप्ययौ ॥ २ ॥

vedavādeṣu kuśalā hyadhyātmakuśalāśca ye |
sattvavanto mahābhāgāḥ paśyanti prabhavāpyayau || 2 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...themselves to Yoga after casting off all the creations of the understanding and the Rajas born of acts, as also the very puissance that Yoga begets, succeed in keeping their linga form under complete control...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.227.2). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vedavada, Kushala, Adhyatma, Adhyatman, Yah, Yat, Sattvavat, Mahabhaga, Pashyanti, Pashyat, Prabhava, Prabhavan, Apyaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.227.2). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “vedavādeṣu kuśalā hyadhyātmakuśalāśca ye
  • vedavādeṣu -
  • vedavāda (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • kuśalā* -
  • kuśala (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kuśalā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • hya -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • adhyātma -
  • adhyātma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    adhyātma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    adhyātman (noun, masculine)
    adhyātman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kuśalāś -
  • kuśala (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kuśalā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ye -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “sattvavanto mahābhāgāḥ paśyanti prabhavāpyayau
  • sattvavanto* -
  • sattvavat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • mahābhāgāḥ -
  • mahābhāga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    mahābhāgā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • paśyanti -
  • paśyantī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    paśyat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • prabhavā -
  • prabhava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prabhava (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prabhavan (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    prabhavan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    prabhavā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • apyayau -
  • apyaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.227.2

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.227.2 in Kannada sript:
ವೇದವಾದೇಷು ಕುಶಲಾ ಹ್ಯಧ್ಯಾತ್ಮಕುಶಲಾಶ್ಚ ಯೇ ।
ಸತ್ತ್ವವನ್ತೋ ಮಹಾಭಾಗಾಃ ಪಶ್ಯನ್ತಿ ಪ್ರಭವಾಪ್ಯಯೌ ॥ ೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.227.2 in Bengali sript:
বেদবাদেষু কুশলা হ্যধ্যাত্মকুশলাশ্চ যে ।
সত্ত্ববন্তো মহাভাগাঃ পশ্যন্তি প্রভবাপ্যযৌ ॥ ২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.227.2 in Gujarati sript:
વેદવાદેષુ કુશલા હ્યધ્યાત્મકુશલાશ્ચ યે ।
સત્ત્વવન્તો મહાભાગાઃ પશ્યન્તિ પ્રભવાપ્યયૌ ॥ ૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.227.2 in Malayalam sript:
വേദവാദേഷു കുശലാ ഹ്യധ്യാത്മകുശലാശ്ച യേ ।
സത്ത്വവന്തോ മഹാഭാഗാഃ പശ്യന്തി പ്രഭവാപ്യയൌ ॥ ൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 12.227.2 in Telugu sript:
వేదవాదేషు కుశలా హ్యధ్యాత్మకుశలాశ్చ యే ।
సత్త్వవన్తో మహాభాగాః పశ్యన్తి ప్రభవాప్యయౌ ॥ ౨ ॥

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