Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.224.61

आरम्भयज्ञाः क्षत्रस्य हविर्यज्ञा विशस्तथा ।
परिचारयज्ञाः शूद्रास्तु तपोयज्ञा द्विजातयः ॥ ६१ ॥

ārambhayajñāḥ kṣatrasya haviryajñā viśastathā |
paricārayajñāḥ śūdrāstu tapoyajñā dvijātayaḥ || 61 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...the highest penance. That is the foremost of all duties. Indeed, that is said to be the highest duty. Directing, by the aid of the understanding, the senses having the mind for their sixth, and without, indeed...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.224.61). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Arambhayajna, Kshatra, Haviryajna, Visha, Vish, Tatha, Paricarayajna, Shudra, Tapoyajna, Dvijati,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.224.61). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ārambhayajñāḥ kṣatrasya haviryajñā viśastathā
  • ārambhayajñāḥ -
  • ārambhayajña (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • kṣatrasya -
  • kṣatra (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • haviryajñā* -
  • haviryajña (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • viśas -
  • viśa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    viś (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “paricārayajñāḥ śūdrāstu tapoyajñā dvijātayaḥ
  • paricārayajñāḥ -
  • paricārayajñā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • śūdrās -
  • śūdra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    śūdrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • tapoyajñā* -
  • tapoyajña (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    tapoyajñā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • dvijātayaḥ -
  • dvijāti (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    dvijāti (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.224.61

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.224.61 in Kannada sript:
ಆರಮ್ಭಯಜ್ಞಾಃ ಕ್ಷತ್ರಸ್ಯ ಹವಿರ್ಯಜ್ಞಾ ವಿಶಸ್ತಥಾ ।
ಪರಿಚಾರಯಜ್ಞಾಃ ಶೂದ್ರಾಸ್ತು ತಪೋಯಜ್ಞಾ ದ್ವಿಜಾತಯಃ ॥ ೬೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.224.61 in Bengali sript:
আরম্ভযজ্ঞাঃ ক্ষত্রস্য হবির্যজ্ঞা বিশস্তথা ।
পরিচারযজ্ঞাঃ শূদ্রাস্তু তপোযজ্ঞা দ্বিজাতযঃ ॥ ৬১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.224.61 in Gujarati sript:
આરમ્ભયજ્ઞાઃ ક્ષત્રસ્ય હવિર્યજ્ઞા વિશસ્તથા ।
પરિચારયજ્ઞાઃ શૂદ્રાસ્તુ તપોયજ્ઞા દ્વિજાતયઃ ॥ ૬૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.224.61 in Malayalam sript:
ആരമ്ഭയജ്ഞാഃ ക്ഷത്രസ്യ ഹവിര്യജ്ഞാ വിശസ്തഥാ ।
പരിചാരയജ്ഞാഃ ശൂദ്രാസ്തു തപോയജ്ഞാ ദ്വിജാതയഃ ॥ ൬൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 12.224.61 in Telugu sript:
ఆరమ్భయజ్ఞాః క్షత్రస్య హవిర్యజ్ఞా విశస్తథా ।
పరిచారయజ్ఞాః శూద్రాస్తు తపోయజ్ఞా ద్విజాతయః ॥ ౬౧ ॥

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