Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.223.2

भीष्म उवाच ।
अत्र ते वर्तयिष्यामि पृच्छतो भरतर्षभ ।
उग्रसेनस्य संवादं नारदे केशवस्य च ॥ २ ॥

bhīṣma uvāca |
atra te vartayiṣyāmi pṛcchato bharatarṣabha |
ugrasenasya saṃvādaṃ nārade keśavasya ca || 2 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...the science of disputation, or one that is vile or low. Unto that person, however, who is possessed of fame, or who deserves applause (for his virtues), or who is of tranquil soul, or possessed of ascetic merit...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.223.2). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Bhishma, Atra, Tad, Yushmad, Pricchat, Bharatarshabha, Ugrasena, Samvada, Narada, Keshava,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.223.2). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “bhīṣma uvāca
  • bhīṣma* -
  • bhīṣma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “atra te vartayiṣyāmi pṛcchato bharatarṣabha
  • atra -
  • atra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    atra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    atra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • vartayiṣyāmi -
  • vṛt (verb class 0)
    [future active first single]
  • pṛcchato* -
  • praś -> pṛcchat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √praś class 6 verb], [ablative single from √praś class 6 verb], [genitive single from √praś class 6 verb]
    praś -> pṛcchat (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √praś class 6 verb], [genitive single from √praś class 6 verb]
    pṛcchat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    pṛcchat (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    pṛcchat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    praś (verb class 6)
    [present active third dual]
  • bharatarṣabha -
  • bharatarṣabha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 3: “ugrasenasya saṃvādaṃ nārade keśavasya ca
  • ugrasenasya -
  • ugrasena (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • saṃvādam -
  • saṃvāda (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • nārade -
  • nārada (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    nārada (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    nāradā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • keśavasya -
  • keśava (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    keśava (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.223.2

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.223.2 in Kannada sript:
ಭೀಷ್ಮ ಉವಾಚ ।
ಅತ್ರ ತೇ ವರ್ತಯಿಷ್ಯಾಮಿ ಪೃಚ್ಛತೋ ಭರತರ್ಷಭ ।
ಉಗ್ರಸೇನಸ್ಯ ಸಂವಾದಂ ನಾರದೇ ಕೇಶವಸ್ಯ ಚ ॥ ೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.223.2 in Bengali sript:
ভীষ্ম উবাচ ।
অত্র তে বর্তযিষ্যামি পৃচ্ছতো ভরতর্ষভ ।
উগ্রসেনস্য সংবাদং নারদে কেশবস্য চ ॥ ২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.223.2 in Gujarati sript:
ભીષ્મ ઉવાચ ।
અત્ર તે વર્તયિષ્યામિ પૃચ્છતો ભરતર્ષભ ।
ઉગ્રસેનસ્ય સંવાદં નારદે કેશવસ્ય ચ ॥ ૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.223.2 in Malayalam sript:
ഭീഷ്മ ഉവാച ।
അത്ര തേ വര്തയിഷ്യാമി പൃച്ഛതോ ഭരതര്ഷഭ ।
ഉഗ്രസേനസ്യ സംവാദം നാരദേ കേശവസ്യ ച ॥ ൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.223.2 in Telugu sript:
భీష్మ ఉవాచ ।
అత్ర తే వర్తయిష్యామి పృచ్ఛతో భరతర్షభ ।
ఉగ్రసేనస్య సంవాదం నారదే కేశవస్య చ ॥ ౨ ॥

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