Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.209.18

सत्त्वं रजस्तमश्चेति देवासुरगुणान्विदुः ।
सत्त्वं देवगुणं विद्यादितरावासुरौ गुणौ ॥ १८ ॥

sattvaṃ rajastamaśceti devāsuraguṇānviduḥ |
sattvaṃ devaguṇaṃ vidyāditarāvāsurau guṇau || 18 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...celestials, observing a sign that the wielder of the thunderbolt made and which Shri herself approved of, welcomed the advent of the goddess there and proclaimed it as exceedingly auspicious. Heaven’s firmament...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.209.18). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sattva, Raja, Rajas, Tama, Tamas, Ceti, Devasura, Guna, Vidu, Vidus, Deva, Vidya, Itara, Asura, Asuri,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.209.18). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sattvaṃ rajastamaśceti devāsuraguṇānviduḥ
  • sattvam -
  • sattva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sattva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • rajas -
  • rajas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rajas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    raja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tamaś -
  • tamas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    tama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ceti -
  • ceti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ceti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ceti (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    cetī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    cetī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    cetī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • devāsura -
  • devāsura (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    devāsura (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • guṇān -
  • guṇa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • viduḥ -
  • vidus (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vidus (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vidu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vidu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    vid (verb class 2)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • Line 2: “sattvaṃ devaguṇaṃ vidyāditarāvāsurau guṇau
  • sattvam -
  • sattva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sattva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • deva -
  • deva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    deva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    devan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    div (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • guṇam -
  • guṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    guṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • vidyād -
  • vidya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    vid (verb class 2)
    [optative active third single]
  • itarāvā -
  • itara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • āsurau -
  • āsura (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    āsuri (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • guṇau -
  • guṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.209.18

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.209.18 in Kannada sript:
ಸತ್ತ್ವಂ ರಜಸ್ತಮಶ್ಚೇತಿ ದೇವಾಸುರಗುಣಾನ್ವಿದುಃ ।
ಸತ್ತ್ವಂ ದೇವಗುಣಂ ವಿದ್ಯಾದಿತರಾವಾಸುರೌ ಗುಣೌ ॥ ೧೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.209.18 in Bengali sript:
সত্ত্বং রজস্তমশ্চেতি দেবাসুরগুণান্বিদুঃ ।
সত্ত্বং দেবগুণং বিদ্যাদিতরাবাসুরৌ গুণৌ ॥ ১৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.209.18 in Gujarati sript:
સત્ત્વં રજસ્તમશ્ચેતિ દેવાસુરગુણાન્વિદુઃ ।
સત્ત્વં દેવગુણં વિદ્યાદિતરાવાસુરૌ ગુણૌ ॥ ૧૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.209.18 in Malayalam sript:
സത്ത്വം രജസ്തമശ്ചേതി ദേവാസുരഗുണാന്വിദുഃ ।
സത്ത്വം ദേവഗുണം വിദ്യാദിതരാവാസുരൌ ഗുണൌ ॥ ൧൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.209.18 in Telugu sript:
సత్త్వం రజస్తమశ్చేతి దేవాసురగుణాన్విదుః ।
సత్త్వం దేవగుణం విద్యాదితరావాసురౌ గుణౌ ॥ ౧౮ ॥

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