Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.209.17

तपो ह्यधिष्ठितं देवैस्तपोघ्नमसुरैस्तमः ।
एतद्देवासुरैर्गुप्तं तदाहुर्ज्ञानलक्षणम् ॥ १७ ॥

tapo hyadhiṣṭhitaṃ devaistapoghnamasuraistamaḥ |
etaddevāsurairguptaṃ tadāhurjñānalakṣaṇam || 17 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...friend the great Rishi, and riding upon a splendid car drawn by green horses, came into that assembly of the celestials, receiving honour from all. Then the great Rishi Narada, whose prowess was known to all...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.209.17). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tap, Tapa, Tapas, Adhishthita, Deva, Tapu, Ghna, Asura, Tama, Tamas, Etadda, Vasura, Guptam, Gupta, Tada, Ahu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.209.17). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tapo hyadhiṣṭhitaṃ devaistapoghnamasuraistamaḥ
  • tapo* -
  • tapas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    tap (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    tap (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    tapa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • hya -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • adhiṣṭhitam -
  • adhiṣṭhita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    adhiṣṭhita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    adhiṣṭhitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • devais -
  • deva (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    deva (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • tapo -
  • tapas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    tap (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    tap (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    tapa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tapu (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    tapu (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • ghnam -
  • ghna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ghna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ghnā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • asurais -
  • asura (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    asura (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • tamaḥ -
  • tamas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    tama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “etaddevāsurairguptaṃ tadāhurjñānalakṣaṇam
  • etadde -
  • etaddā (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    etaddā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • vāsurai -
  • vāsurā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • air -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active second single]
  • guptam -
  • guptam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    gupta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    gupta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    guptā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    gup -> gupta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √gup class 4 verb]
    gup -> gupta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √gup class 4 verb], [accusative single from √gup class 4 verb]
  • tadā -
  • tadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tadā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tada (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tada (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ahur -
  • ahu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ahu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [aorist active third plural]
    (verb class 3)
    [aorist active third plural]
  • jñānalakṣaṇam -
  • jñānalakṣaṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.209.17

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.209.17 in Kannada sript:
ತಪೋ ಹ್ಯಧಿಷ್ಠಿತಂ ದೇವೈಸ್ತಪೋಘ್ನಮಸುರೈಸ್ತಮಃ ।
ಏತದ್ದೇವಾಸುರೈರ್ಗುಪ್ತಂ ತದಾಹುರ್ಜ್ಞಾನಲಕ್ಷಣಮ್ ॥ ೧೭ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.209.17 in Bengali sript:
তপো হ্যধিষ্ঠিতং দেবৈস্তপোঘ্নমসুরৈস্তমঃ ।
এতদ্দেবাসুরৈর্গুপ্তং তদাহুর্জ্ঞানলক্ষণম্ ॥ ১৭ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.209.17 in Gujarati sript:
તપો હ્યધિષ્ઠિતં દેવૈસ્તપોઘ્નમસુરૈસ્તમઃ ।
એતદ્દેવાસુરૈર્ગુપ્તં તદાહુર્જ્ઞાનલક્ષણમ્ ॥ ૧૭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.209.17 in Malayalam sript:
തപോ ഹ്യധിഷ്ഠിതം ദേവൈസ്തപോഘ്നമസുരൈസ്തമഃ ।
ഏതദ്ദേവാസുരൈര്ഗുപ്തം തദാഹുര്ജ്ഞാനലക്ഷണമ് ॥ ൧൭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.209.17 in Telugu sript:
తపో హ్యధిష్ఠితం దేవైస్తపోఘ్నమసురైస్తమః ।
ఏతద్దేవాసురైర్గుప్తం తదాహుర్జ్ఞానలక్షణమ్ ॥ ౧౭ ॥

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