Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.209.12

प्रसन्नैरिन्द्रियैर्यद्यत्संकल्पयति मानसम् ।
तत्तत्स्वप्नेऽप्युपरते मनोदृष्टिर्निरीक्षते ॥ १२ ॥

prasannairindriyairyadyatsaṃkalpayati mānasam |
tattatsvapne'pyuparate manodṛṣṭirnirīkṣate || 12 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...inseparably associated with me, and who depend upon me, desire to live. They are Hope, Faith, Intelligence, Contentment, Victory, Advancement, and Forgiveness. She who forms the eighth, viz., Jaya, occupies...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.209.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Prasanna, Indriya, Yat, Yad, Sankalpa, Yati, Manasa, Tat, Tad, Svapna, Api, Uparata, Uparati, Mana, Manas, Manu, Drishti, Nih,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.209.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “prasannairindriyairyadyatsaṃkalpayati mānasam
  • prasannair -
  • prasanna (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    prasanna (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • indriyair -
  • indriya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    indriya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • yad -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • yat -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • saṅkalpa -
  • saṅkalpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saṅkalpa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yati -
  • yati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    yatin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    yati (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    yatī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    i -> yat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> yatī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
  • mānasam -
  • mānasa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mānasa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    mānasā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “tattatsvapne'pyuparate manodṛṣṭirnirīkṣate
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • svapne' -
  • svapna (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    svapna (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    svapnā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • apyu -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • uparate -
  • uparata (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    uparata (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    uparatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    uparati (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • mano -
  • manas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    mana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    manu (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    manu (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • dṛṣṭir -
  • dṛṣṭi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • nir -
  • niḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    niḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ni (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nis (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • īkṣate -
  • īkṣ (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.209.12

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.209.12 in Kannada sript:
ಪ್ರಸನ್ನೈರಿನ್ದ್ರಿಯೈರ್ಯದ್ಯತ್ಸಂಕಲ್ಪಯತಿ ಮಾನಸಮ್ ।
ತತ್ತತ್ಸ್ವಪ್ನೇಽಪ್ಯುಪರತೇ ಮನೋದೃಷ್ಟಿರ್ನಿರೀಕ್ಷತೇ ॥ ೧೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.209.12 in Bengali sript:
প্রসন্নৈরিন্দ্রিযৈর্যদ্যত্সংকল্পযতি মানসম্ ।
তত্তত্স্বপ্নেঽপ্যুপরতে মনোদৃষ্টির্নিরীক্ষতে ॥ ১২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.209.12 in Gujarati sript:
પ્રસન્નૈરિન્દ્રિયૈર્યદ્યત્સંકલ્પયતિ માનસમ્ ।
તત્તત્સ્વપ્નેઽપ્યુપરતે મનોદૃષ્ટિર્નિરીક્ષતે ॥ ૧૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.209.12 in Malayalam sript:
പ്രസന്നൈരിന്ദ്രിയൈര്യദ്യത്സംകല്പയതി മാനസമ് ।
തത്തത്സ്വപ്നേഽപ്യുപരതേ മനോദൃഷ്ടിര്നിരീക്ഷതേ ॥ ൧൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.209.12 in Telugu sript:
ప్రసన్నైరిన్ద్రియైర్యద్యత్సంకల్పయతి మానసమ్ ।
తత్తత్స్వప్నేఽప్యుపరతే మనోదృష్టిర్నిరీక్షతే ॥ ౧౨ ॥

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