Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.209.6

इन्द्रियाणां श्रमात्स्वप्नमाहुः सर्वगतं बुधाः ।
मनसस्तु प्रलीनत्वात्तत्तदाहुर्निदर्शनम् ॥ ६ ॥

indriyāṇāṃ śramātsvapnamāhuḥ sarvagataṃ budhāḥ |
manasastu pralīnatvāttattadāhurnidarśanam || 6 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...mothers and fathers, rebuke and chastise servants and maids, and summoning their husband’s lecture and rebuke them. Sires, with great care, seek to keep sons in good humour, or dividing through fear their wealth...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.209.6). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Indriya, Shrama, Svapna, Sarvagata, Budha, Manas, Manasa, Pralinatva, Tat, Tad, Tada, Ahu, Nidarshana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.209.6). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “indriyāṇāṃ śramātsvapnamāhuḥ sarvagataṃ budhāḥ
  • indriyāṇām -
  • indriya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    indriya (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    indriyā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • śramāt -
  • śrama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • svapnam -
  • svapna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    svapna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    svapnā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • āhuḥ -
  • ah (verb class 5)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • sarvagatam -
  • sarvagata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sarvagata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sarvagatā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • budhāḥ -
  • budha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    budhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “manasastu pralīnatvāttattadāhurnidarśanam
  • manasas -
  • manas (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    manasa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • pralīnatvāt -
  • pralīnatva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tadā -
  • tadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tadā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tada (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tada (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ahur -
  • ahu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ahu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [aorist active third plural]
    (verb class 3)
    [aorist active third plural]
  • nidarśanam -
  • nidarśana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nidarśana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nidarśanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.209.6

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.209.6 in Kannada sript:
ಇನ್ದ್ರಿಯಾಣಾಂ ಶ್ರಮಾತ್ಸ್ವಪ್ನಮಾಹುಃ ಸರ್ವಗತಂ ಬುಧಾಃ ।
ಮನಸಸ್ತು ಪ್ರಲೀನತ್ವಾತ್ತತ್ತದಾಹುರ್ನಿದರ್ಶನಮ್ ॥ ೬ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.209.6 in Bengali sript:
ইন্দ্রিযাণাং শ্রমাত্স্বপ্নমাহুঃ সর্বগতং বুধাঃ ।
মনসস্তু প্রলীনত্বাত্তত্তদাহুর্নিদর্শনম্ ॥ ৬ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.209.6 in Gujarati sript:
ઇન્દ્રિયાણાં શ્રમાત્સ્વપ્નમાહુઃ સર્વગતં બુધાઃ ।
મનસસ્તુ પ્રલીનત્વાત્તત્તદાહુર્નિદર્શનમ્ ॥ ૬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.209.6 in Malayalam sript:
ഇന്ദ്രിയാണാം ശ്രമാത്സ്വപ്നമാഹുഃ സര്വഗതം ബുധാഃ ।
മനസസ്തു പ്രലീനത്വാത്തത്തദാഹുര്നിദര്ശനമ് ॥ ൬ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.209.6 in Telugu sript:
ఇన్ద్రియాణాం శ్రమాత్స్వప్నమాహుః సర్వగతం బుధాః ।
మనసస్తు ప్రలీనత్వాత్తత్తదాహుర్నిదర్శనమ్ ॥ ౬ ॥

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