Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.205.15

सत्यशौचार्जवत्यागैर्यशसा विक्रमेण च ।
क्षान्त्या धृत्या च बुद्ध्या च मनसा तपसैव च ॥ १५ ॥

satyaśaucārjavatyāgairyaśasā vikrameṇa ca |
kṣāntyā dhṛtyā ca buddhyā ca manasā tapasaiva ca || 15 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...like a fruit that has appeared on a tree. There are certain acts by doing which one person obtains happiness in Time’s course. By doing those very acts another obtains misery in the course of Time. Versed as...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.205.15). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sat, Sati, Satya, Ashauca, Arjava, Tyaga, Yashasa, Vikrama, Kshanti, Dhriti, Buddhi, Manasa, Manas, Tapasa, Tapas,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.205.15). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “satyaśaucārjavatyāgairyaśasā vikrameṇa ca
  • satya -
  • satī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    satya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    satya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sati (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    sat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • aśaucā -
  • aśauca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ārjava -
  • ārjava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ārjava (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tyāgair -
  • tyāga (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • yaśasā* -
  • yaśasā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vikrameṇa -
  • vikrama (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “kṣāntyā dhṛtyā ca buddhyā ca manasā tapasaiva ca
  • kṣāntyā* -
  • kṣānti (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    kṣāntī (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • dhṛtyā -
  • dhṛti (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    dhṛtī (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [instrumental single]
    dhṛtī (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • buddhyā -
  • buddhi (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • manasā -
  • manasā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    manas (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    manasā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • tapasai -
  • tapasa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tapas (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.205.15

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.205.15 in Kannada sript:
ಸತ್ಯಶೌಚಾರ್ಜವತ್ಯಾಗೈರ್ಯಶಸಾ ವಿಕ್ರಮೇಣ ಚ ।
ಕ್ಷಾನ್ತ್ಯಾ ಧೃತ್ಯಾ ಚ ಬುದ್ಧ್ಯಾ ಚ ಮನಸಾ ತಪಸೈವ ಚ ॥ ೧೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.205.15 in Bengali sript:
সত্যশৌচার্জবত্যাগৈর্যশসা বিক্রমেণ চ ।
ক্ষান্ত্যা ধৃত্যা চ বুদ্ধ্যা চ মনসা তপসৈব চ ॥ ১৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.205.15 in Gujarati sript:
સત્યશૌચાર્જવત્યાગૈર્યશસા વિક્રમેણ ચ ।
ક્ષાન્ત્યા ધૃત્યા ચ બુદ્ધ્યા ચ મનસા તપસૈવ ચ ॥ ૧૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.205.15 in Malayalam sript:
സത്യശൌചാര്ജവത്യാഗൈര്യശസാ വിക്രമേണ ച ।
ക്ഷാന്ത്യാ ധൃത്യാ ച ബുദ്ധ്യാ ച മനസാ തപസൈവ ച ॥ ൧൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.205.15 in Telugu sript:
సత్యశౌచార్జవత్యాగైర్యశసా విక్రమేణ చ ।
క్షాన్త్యా ధృత్యా చ బుద్ధ్యా చ మనసా తపసైవ చ ॥ ౧౫ ॥

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