Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.193.25

राजाप्येतेन विधिना भगवन्तं पितामहम् ।
यथैव द्विजशार्दूलस्तथैव प्राविशत्तदा ॥ २५ ॥

rājāpyetena vidhinā bhagavantaṃ pitāmaham |
yathaiva dvijaśārdūlastathaiva prāviśattadā || 25 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...consequence of such imperfection of knowledge, much misery that proves again to be unending. Those persons, on the other hand, who regard all worldly objects as not-Soul, and who on that account cease to have...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.193.25). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Raja, Rajan, Raj, Ina, Vidhi, Bhagavanta, Bhagavat, Pitamaha, Yatha, Dvija, Shardula, Tatha, Pravi, Sha, Tta,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.193.25). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “rājāpyetena vidhinā bhagavantaṃ pitāmaham
  • rājā -
  • rāja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rājan (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    rājā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    rāj (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    rāj (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    rāj (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • āpyete -
  • āp (verb class 5)
    [present passive third dual], [optative passive third single]
    āp (verb class 0)
    [present passive third dual], [optative passive third single]
    i (verb class 0)
    [present passive third dual], [optative passive third single]
  • ina -
  • ina (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ina (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vidhinā -
  • vidhi (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    vidhī (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • bhagavantam -
  • bhagavanta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhagavat (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • pitāmaham -
  • pitāmaha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “yathaiva dvijaśārdūlastathaiva prāviśattadā
  • yathai -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • dvija -
  • dvija (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dvija (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śārdūlas -
  • śārdūla (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tathai -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • prāvi -
  • prāvī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    prāvī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    prāvī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • śa -
  • śa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tta -
  • tta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.193.25

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.193.25 in Kannada sript:
ರಾಜಾಪ್ಯೇತೇನ ವಿಧಿನಾ ಭಗವನ್ತಂ ಪಿತಾಮಹಮ್ ।
ಯಥೈವ ದ್ವಿಜಶಾರ್ದೂಲಸ್ತಥೈವ ಪ್ರಾವಿಶತ್ತದಾ ॥ ೨೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.193.25 in Bengali sript:
রাজাপ্যেতেন বিধিনা ভগবন্তং পিতামহম্ ।
যথৈব দ্বিজশার্দূলস্তথৈব প্রাবিশত্তদা ॥ ২৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.193.25 in Gujarati sript:
રાજાપ્યેતેન વિધિના ભગવન્તં પિતામહમ્ ।
યથૈવ દ્વિજશાર્દૂલસ્તથૈવ પ્રાવિશત્તદા ॥ ૨૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.193.25 in Malayalam sript:
രാജാപ്യേതേന വിധിനാ ഭഗവന്തം പിതാമഹമ് ।
യഥൈവ ദ്വിജശാര്ദൂലസ്തഥൈവ പ്രാവിശത്തദാ ॥ ൨൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 12.193.25 in Telugu sript:
రాజాప్యేతేన విధినా భగవన్తం పితామహమ్ ।
యథైవ ద్విజశార్దూలస్తథైవ ప్రావిశత్తదా ॥ ౨౫ ॥

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