Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.182.8

शूद्रे चैतद्भवेल्लक्ष्यं द्विजे चैतन्न विद्यते ।
न वै शूद्रो भवेच्छूद्रो ब्राह्मणो न च ब्राह्मणः ॥ ८ ॥

śūdre caitadbhavellakṣyaṃ dvije caitanna vidyate |
na vai śūdro bhavecchūdro brāhmaṇo na ca brāhmaṇaḥ || 8 ||

Note! The following is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Rishis of fiery energy that live in the different points of the compass. Those high-souled ones are the witnesses of the universe, and are the creators of all the worlds. Even thus do they dwell in their respective...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.182.8). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Shudra, Etad, Lakshya, Dvija, Brahmana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.182.8). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “śūdre caitadbhavellakṣyaṃ dvije caitanna vidyate
  • śūdre -
  • śūdra (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    śūdrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • etad -
  • etad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    etad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • bhavel -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]
  • lakṣyam -
  • lakṣya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    lakṣya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    lakṣyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    lakṣ -> lakṣya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √lakṣ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √lakṣ class 10 verb]
    lakṣ -> lakṣya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √lakṣ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √lakṣ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √lakṣ class 10 verb], [accusative single from √lakṣ class 10 verb]
  • dvije -
  • dvija (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    dvija (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    dvijā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • etan -
  • etad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vidyate -
  • vid (verb class 2)
    [present passive third single]
    vid (verb class 6)
    [present passive third single]
    vid (verb class 7)
    [present passive third single]
  • Line 2: “na vai śūdro bhavecchūdro brāhmaṇo na ca brāhmaṇaḥ
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • śūdro* -
  • śūdra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • bhavecch -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]
  • śūdro* -
  • śūdra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • brāhmaṇo* -
  • brāhmaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • brāhmaṇaḥ -
  • brāhmaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.182.8

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.182.8 in Kannada sript:
ಶೂದ್ರೇ ಚೈತದ್ಭವೇಲ್ಲಕ್ಷ್ಯಂ ದ್ವಿಜೇ ಚೈತನ್ನ ವಿದ್ಯತೇ ।
ನ ವೈ ಶೂದ್ರೋ ಭವೇಚ್ಛೂದ್ರೋ ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಣೋ ನ ಚ ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಣಃ ॥ ೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.182.8 in Bengali sript:
শূদ্রে চৈতদ্ভবেল্লক্ষ্যং দ্বিজে চৈতন্ন বিদ্যতে ।
ন বৈ শূদ্রো ভবেচ্ছূদ্রো ব্রাহ্মণো ন চ ব্রাহ্মণঃ ॥ ৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.182.8 in Gujarati sript:
શૂદ્રે ચૈતદ્ભવેલ્લક્ષ્યં દ્વિજે ચૈતન્ન વિદ્યતે ।
ન વૈ શૂદ્રો ભવેચ્છૂદ્રો બ્રાહ્મણો ન ચ બ્રાહ્મણઃ ॥ ૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.182.8 in Malayalam sript:
ശൂദ്രേ ചൈതദ്ഭവേല്ലക്ഷ്യം ദ്വിജേ ചൈതന്ന വിദ്യതേ ।
ന വൈ ശൂദ്രോ ഭവേച്ഛൂദ്രോ ബ്രാഹ്മണോ ന ച ബ്രാഹ്മണഃ ॥ ൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.182.8 in Telugu sript:
శూద్రే చైతద్భవేల్లక్ష్యం ద్విజే చైతన్న విద్యతే ।
న వై శూద్రో భవేచ్ఛూద్రో బ్రాహ్మణో న చ బ్రాహ్మణః ॥ ౮ ॥

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