Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.165.19

गृह्णीत रत्नान्येतानि यथोत्साहं यथेष्टतः ।
येषु येषु च भाण्डेषु भुक्तं वो द्विजसत्तमाः ।
तान्येवादाय गच्छध्वं स्ववेश्मानीति भारत ॥ १९ ॥

gṛhṇīta ratnānyetāni yathotsāhaṃ yatheṣṭataḥ |
yeṣu yeṣu ca bhāṇḍeṣu bhuktaṃ vo dvijasattamāḥ |
tānyevādāya gacchadhvaṃ svaveśmānīti bhārata || 19 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...He who eats according to this rule acquires the merit of a fast.{GL_NOTE:174746:} At the hours ordained for Homa one should pour libations on the sacred fire. Without seeking the companionship of other people...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.165.19). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ratna, Ratnani, Eta, Etad, Yathotsaha, Yatheshtatah, Yah, Yat, Bhanda, Bhukta, Yushmad, Dvijasattama, Tanya, Tani, Vada, Sva, Svan, Veshman, Iti, Bharata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.165.19). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “gṛhṇīta ratnānyetāni yathotsāhaṃ yatheṣṭataḥ
  • gṛhṇīta -
  • grah (verb class 9)
    [imperative active second plural]
  • ratnānye -
  • ratnāni (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ratnāni (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ratnāni (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ratna (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • etāni -
  • eta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • yathotsāham -
  • yathotsāha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    yathotsāha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    yathotsāhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • yatheṣṭataḥ -
  • yatheṣṭataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • Line 2: “yeṣu yeṣu ca bhāṇḍeṣu bhuktaṃ vo dvijasattamāḥ
  • yeṣu -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • yeṣu -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhāṇḍeṣu -
  • bhāṇḍa (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    bhāṇḍa (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • bhuktam -
  • bhukta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhukta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhuktā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • vo* -
  • va (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative plural], [dative plural], [genitive plural]
  • dvijasattamāḥ -
  • dvijasattama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 3: “tānyevādāya gacchadhvaṃ svaveśmānīti bhārata
  • tānye -
  • tan -> tānya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    tan -> tānya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √tan class 8 verb], [vocative dual from √tan class 8 verb], [accusative dual from √tan class 8 verb], [locative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    tan -> tānyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √tan class 8 verb], [vocative single from √tan class 8 verb], [vocative dual from √tan class 8 verb], [accusative dual from √tan class 8 verb]
    tan -> tānya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √tan class 4 verb]
    tan -> tānya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √tan class 4 verb], [vocative dual from √tan class 4 verb], [accusative dual from √tan class 4 verb], [locative single from √tan class 4 verb]
    tan -> tānyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √tan class 4 verb], [vocative single from √tan class 4 verb], [vocative dual from √tan class 4 verb], [accusative dual from √tan class 4 verb]
    tan -> tānya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √tan class 1 verb]
    tan -> tānya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √tan class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √tan class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √tan class 1 verb], [locative single from √tan class 1 verb]
    tan -> tānyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √tan class 1 verb], [vocative single from √tan class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √tan class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √tan class 1 verb]
    tānī (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
  • vādāya -
  • vāda (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    vāda (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • gacchadhvam -
  • gam (verb class 1)
    [imperative middle second plural]
  • sva -
  • sva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    svan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    svan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sva (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • veśmānī -
  • veśman (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • bhārata -
  • bhārata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhārata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.165.19

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.165.19 in Kannada sript:
ಗೃಹ್ಣೀತ ರತ್ನಾನ್ಯೇತಾನಿ ಯಥೋತ್ಸಾಹಂ ಯಥೇಷ್ಟತಃ ।
ಯೇಷು ಯೇಷು ಚ ಭಾಣ್ಡೇಷು ಭುಕ್ತಂ ವೋ ದ್ವಿಜಸತ್ತಮಾಃ ।
ತಾನ್ಯೇವಾದಾಯ ಗಚ್ಛಧ್ವಂ ಸ್ವವೇಶ್ಮಾನೀತಿ ಭಾರತ ॥ ೧೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.165.19 in Bengali sript:
গৃহ্ণীত রত্নান্যেতানি যথোত্সাহং যথেষ্টতঃ ।
যেষু যেষু চ ভাণ্ডেষু ভুক্তং বো দ্বিজসত্তমাঃ ।
তান্যেবাদায গচ্ছধ্বং স্ববেশ্মানীতি ভারত ॥ ১৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.165.19 in Gujarati sript:
ગૃહ્ણીત રત્નાન્યેતાનિ યથોત્સાહં યથેષ્ટતઃ ।
યેષુ યેષુ ચ ભાણ્ડેષુ ભુક્તં વો દ્વિજસત્તમાઃ ।
તાન્યેવાદાય ગચ્છધ્વં સ્વવેશ્માનીતિ ભારત ॥ ૧૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.165.19 in Malayalam sript:
ഗൃഹ്ണീത രത്നാന്യേതാനി യഥോത്സാഹം യഥേഷ്ടതഃ ।
യേഷു യേഷു ച ഭാണ്ഡേഷു ഭുക്തം വോ ദ്വിജസത്തമാഃ ।
താന്യേവാദായ ഗച്ഛധ്വം സ്വവേശ്മാനീതി ഭാരത ॥ ൧൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.165.19 in Telugu sript:
గృహ్ణీత రత్నాన్యేతాని యథోత్సాహం యథేష్టతః ।
యేషు యేషు చ భాణ్డేషు భుక్తం వో ద్విజసత్తమాః ।
తాన్యేవాదాయ గచ్ఛధ్వం స్వవేశ్మానీతి భారత ॥ ౧౯ ॥

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