Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.159.55

तल्पे चान्यस्य चौर्ये च पृथक्संवत्सरं चरेत् ।
त्रीणि श्रोत्रियभार्यायां परदारे तु द्वे स्मृते ॥ ५५ ॥

talpe cānyasya caurye ca pṛthaksaṃvatsaraṃ caret |
trīṇi śrotriyabhāryāyāṃ paradāre tu dve smṛte || 55 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...Manasa then created a divine Lotus pregnant with Energy. From that Lotus sprang Brahman, that Ocean of Veda.{GL_NOTE:174705:} The Srutis say that as soon as born, that divine Being uttered the words, 'I am He...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.159.55). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Talpa, Idam, Caurya, Prithak, Samvatsara, Shrotriya, Bharya, Paradara, Dva, Smrita, Smriti,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.159.55). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “talpe cānyasya caurye ca pṛthaksaṃvatsaraṃ caret
  • talpe -
  • talpa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    talpā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • cānya -
  • cam -> cānya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √cam]
    cam -> cānya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √cam]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • asya -
  • as -> asya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √as]
    a (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    as (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • caurye -
  • caurya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pṛthak -
  • pṛthak (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • saṃvatsaram -
  • saṃvatsara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • caret -
  • car (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]
  • Line 2: “trīṇi śrotriyabhāryāyāṃ paradāre tu dve smṛte
  • Cannot analyse trīṇi*śr
  • śrotriya -
  • śrotriya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śrotriya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhāryāyām -
  • bhāryā (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    bhṛ -> bhāryā (participle, feminine)
    [locative single from √bhṛ]
  • paradāre -
  • paradāra (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • dve -
  • dva (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    dva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    dvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • smṛte -
  • smṛta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    smṛta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    smṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    smṛti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    smṛ -> smṛta (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √smṛ class 1 verb]
    smṛ -> smṛta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √smṛ class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √smṛ class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √smṛ class 1 verb], [locative single from √smṛ class 1 verb]
    smṛ -> smṛtā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √smṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √smṛ class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √smṛ class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √smṛ class 1 verb]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.159.55

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.159.55 in Kannada sript:
ತಲ್ಪೇ ಚಾನ್ಯಸ್ಯ ಚೌರ್ಯೇ ಚ ಪೃಥಕ್ಸಂವತ್ಸರಂ ಚರೇತ್ ।
ತ್ರೀಣಿ ಶ್ರೋತ್ರಿಯಭಾರ್ಯಾಯಾಂ ಪರದಾರೇ ತು ದ್ವೇ ಸ್ಮೃತೇ ॥ ೫೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.159.55 in Bengali sript:
তল্পে চান্যস্য চৌর্যে চ পৃথক্সংবত্সরং চরেত্ ।
ত্রীণি শ্রোত্রিযভার্যাযাং পরদারে তু দ্বে স্মৃতে ॥ ৫৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.159.55 in Gujarati sript:
તલ્પે ચાન્યસ્ય ચૌર્યે ચ પૃથક્સંવત્સરં ચરેત્ ।
ત્રીણિ શ્રોત્રિયભાર્યાયાં પરદારે તુ દ્વે સ્મૃતે ॥ ૫૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.159.55 in Malayalam sript:
തല്പേ ചാന്യസ്യ ചൌര്യേ ച പൃഥക്സംവത്സരം ചരേത് ।
ത്രീണി ശ്രോത്രിയഭാര്യായാം പരദാരേ തു ദ്വേ സ്മൃതേ ॥ ൫൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.159.55 in Telugu sript:
తల్పే చాన్యస్య చౌర్యే చ పృథక్సంవత్సరం చరేత్ ।
త్రీణి శ్రోత్రియభార్యాయాం పరదారే తు ద్వే స్మృతే ॥ ౫౫ ॥

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