Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.159.53

श्वबर्बरखरान्हत्वा शौद्रमेव व्रतं चरेत् ।
मार्जारचाषमण्डूकान्काकं भासं च मूषकम् ॥ ५३ ॥

śvabarbarakharānhatvā śaudrameva vrataṃ caret |
mārjāracāṣamaṇḍūkānkākaṃ bhāsaṃ ca mūṣakam || 53 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Undecaying, and Unchangeable. Through Him are creatures born and through Him they die. He first created a Divine Being known by the name of Mahat.{GL_NOTE:174704:} Mahat created Consciousness. That Divine Being...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.159.53). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Barbara, Khara, Shaudra, Eva, Vrata, Marjara, Casha, Manduka, Kaka, Bhas, Bhasa, Mushaka,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.159.53). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “śvabarbarakharānhatvā śaudrameva vrataṃ caret
  • śva -
  • śvan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • barbara -
  • barbara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    barbara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kharān -
  • khara (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • hatvā -
  • han -> hatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √han]
    han -> hatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √han]
  • śaudram -
  • śaudra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śaudra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śaudrā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vratam -
  • vrata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vrata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • caret -
  • car (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]
  • Line 2: “mārjāracāṣamaṇḍūkānkākaṃ bhāsaṃ ca mūṣakam
  • mārjāra -
  • mārjāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • cāṣa -
  • cāṣa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cāṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • maṇḍūkān -
  • maṇḍūka (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • kākam -
  • kāka (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kāka (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kākā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • bhāsam -
  • bhāsa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhāsa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhāsā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    bhās (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mūṣakam -
  • mūṣaka (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.159.53

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.159.53 in Kannada sript:
ಶ್ವಬರ್ಬರಖರಾನ್ಹತ್ವಾ ಶೌದ್ರಮೇವ ವ್ರತಂ ಚರೇತ್ ।
ಮಾರ್ಜಾರಚಾಷಮಣ್ಡೂಕಾನ್ಕಾಕಂ ಭಾಸಂ ಚ ಮೂಷಕಮ್ ॥ ೫೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.159.53 in Bengali sript:
শ্ববর্বরখরান্হত্বা শৌদ্রমেব ব্রতং চরেত্ ।
মার্জারচাষমণ্ডূকান্কাকং ভাসং চ মূষকম্ ॥ ৫৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.159.53 in Gujarati sript:
શ્વબર્બરખરાન્હત્વા શૌદ્રમેવ વ્રતં ચરેત્ ।
માર્જારચાષમણ્ડૂકાન્કાકં ભાસં ચ મૂષકમ્ ॥ ૫૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.159.53 in Malayalam sript:
ശ്വബര്ബരഖരാന്ഹത്വാ ശൌദ്രമേവ വ്രതം ചരേത് ।
മാര്ജാരചാഷമണ്ഡൂകാന്കാകം ഭാസം ച മൂഷകമ് ॥ ൫൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.159.53 in Telugu sript:
శ్వబర్బరఖరాన్హత్వా శౌద్రమేవ వ్రతం చరేత్ ।
మార్జారచాషమణ్డూకాన్కాకం భాసం చ మూషకమ్ ॥ ౫౩ ॥

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