Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.153.9

उभावेतौ समफलौ समदोषौ च भारत ।
अज्ञानं चातिलोभश्चाप्येकं जानीहि पार्थिव ॥ ९ ॥

ubhāvetau samaphalau samadoṣau ca bhārata |
ajñānaṃ cātilobhaścāpyekaṃ jānīhi pārthiva || 9 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...yoke, were taken out for training (in the fields). Shying at the sight of a camel that was lying down on the road, the animals suddenly ran towards the camel, and fell upon its neck. Enraged at finding the bulls...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.153.9). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ubha, Eta, Eti, Esha, Sama, Phala, Phali, Samad, Samada, Samadu, Ush, Usha, Bharata, Ajnana, Atilobha, Capin, Capya, Eka, Parthiva,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.153.9). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ubhāvetau samaphalau samadoṣau ca bhārata
  • ubhāve -
  • ubha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • etau -
  • eta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    eti (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • sama -
  • sama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sam (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • phalau -
  • phala (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    phali (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • samado -
  • samada (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    samada (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    samad (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    samadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    samadu (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • uṣau -
  • uṣ (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    uṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhārata -
  • bhārata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhārata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “ajñānaṃ cātilobhaścāpyekaṃ jānīhi pārthiva
  • ajñānam -
  • ajñāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ajñāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ajñānā (noun, feminine)
  • -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • atilobhaś -
  • atilobha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cāpye -
  • cāpin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single]
    cāpin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ci -> cāpya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √ci]
    ci -> cāpya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √ci], [vocative dual from √ci], [accusative dual from √ci], [locative single from √ci]
    ci -> cāpyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √ci], [vocative single from √ci], [vocative dual from √ci], [accusative dual from √ci]
    ci (verb class 0)
    [present passive first single]
  • ekam -
  • eka (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    eka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • jānīhi -
  • jñā (verb class 9)
    [imperative active second single]
  • pārthiva -
  • pārthiva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pārthiva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.153.9

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.153.9 in Kannada sript:
ಉಭಾವೇತೌ ಸಮಫಲೌ ಸಮದೋಷೌ ಚ ಭಾರತ ।
ಅಜ್ಞಾನಂ ಚಾತಿಲೋಭಶ್ಚಾಪ್ಯೇಕಂ ಜಾನೀಹಿ ಪಾರ್ಥಿವ ॥ ೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.153.9 in Bengali sript:
উভাবেতৌ সমফলৌ সমদোষৌ চ ভারত ।
অজ্ঞানং চাতিলোভশ্চাপ্যেকং জানীহি পার্থিব ॥ ৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.153.9 in Gujarati sript:
ઉભાવેતૌ સમફલૌ સમદોષૌ ચ ભારત ।
અજ્ઞાનં ચાતિલોભશ્ચાપ્યેકં જાનીહિ પાર્થિવ ॥ ૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.153.9 in Malayalam sript:
ഉഭാവേതൌ സമഫലൌ സമദോഷൌ ച ഭാരത ।
അജ്ഞാനം ചാതിലോഭശ്ചാപ്യേകം ജാനീഹി പാര്ഥിവ ॥ ൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.153.9 in Telugu sript:
ఉభావేతౌ సమఫలౌ సమదోషౌ చ భారత ।
అజ్ఞానం చాతిలోభశ్చాప్యేకం జానీహి పార్థివ ॥ ౯ ॥

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