Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.142.38

इत्युक्त्वा शुष्कपर्णैः स संप्रज्वाल्य हुताशनम् ।
हर्षेण महता युक्तः कपोतः पुनरब्रवीत् ॥ ३८ ॥

ityuktvā śuṣkaparṇaiḥ sa saṃprajvālya hutāśanam |
harṣeṇa mahatā yuktaḥ kapotaḥ punarabravīt || 38 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...of all men. Protect all creatures with this sword containing religion within its womb. Duly meting out chastisement unto those that have transgressed the barriers of virtue for the sake of the body or the mind...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.142.38). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Iti, Uktva, Shushkaparna, Hutashana, Harsha, Mahata, Yukta, Kapota, Punar,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.142.38). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ityuktvā śuṣkaparṇaiḥ sa saṃprajvālya hutāśanam
  • ityu -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • uktvā -
  • uktvā (indeclinable)
    vac -> uktvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √vac]
    vac -> uktvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √vac]
  • śuṣkaparṇaiḥ -
  • śuṣkaparṇa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Cannot analyse samprajvālya*hu
  • hutāśanam -
  • hutāśana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    hutāśanā (noun, feminine)
  • Line 2: “harṣeṇa mahatā yuktaḥ kapotaḥ punarabravīt
  • harṣeṇa -
  • harṣa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    harṣa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • mahatā* -
  • mahatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    mahata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • yuktaḥ -
  • yukta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yuj -> yukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √yuj class 7 verb]
  • kapotaḥ -
  • kapota (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • punar -
  • punar (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    punar (indeclinable)
  • abravīt -
  • brū (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.142.38

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.142.38 in Kannada sript:
ಇತ್ಯುಕ್ತ್ವಾ ಶುಷ್ಕಪರ್ಣೈಃ ಸ ಸಂಪ್ರಜ್ವಾಲ್ಯ ಹುತಾಶನಮ್ ।
ಹರ್ಷೇಣ ಮಹತಾ ಯುಕ್ತಃ ಕಪೋತಃ ಪುನರಬ್ರವೀತ್ ॥ ೩೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.142.38 in Bengali sript:
ইত্যুক্ত্বা শুষ্কপর্ণৈঃ স সংপ্রজ্বাল্য হুতাশনম্ ।
হর্ষেণ মহতা যুক্তঃ কপোতঃ পুনরব্রবীত্ ॥ ৩৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.142.38 in Gujarati sript:
ઇત્યુક્ત્વા શુષ્કપર્ણૈઃ સ સંપ્રજ્વાલ્ય હુતાશનમ્ ।
હર્ષેણ મહતા યુક્તઃ કપોતઃ પુનરબ્રવીત્ ॥ ૩૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.142.38 in Malayalam sript:
ഇത്യുക്ത്വാ ശുഷ്കപര്ണൈഃ സ സംപ്രജ്വാല്യ ഹുതാശനമ് ।
ഹര്ഷേണ മഹതാ യുക്തഃ കപോതഃ പുനരബ്രവീത് ॥ ൩൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 12.142.38 in Telugu sript:
ఇత్యుక్త్వా శుష్కపర్ణైః స సంప్రజ్వాల్య హుతాశనమ్ ।
హర్షేణ మహతా యుక్తః కపోతః పునరబ్రవీత్ ॥ ౩౮ ॥

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