Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.139.41

स विगाढां निशां दृष्ट्वा सुप्ते चण्डालपक्कणे ।
शनैरुत्थाय भगवान्प्रविवेश कुटीमठम् ॥ ४१ ॥

sa vigāḍhāṃ niśāṃ dṛṣṭvā supte caṇḍālapakkaṇe |
śanairutthāya bhagavānpraviveśa kuṭīmaṭham || 41 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...disregard for all worldly objects (that knowledge brings in its train), it disappears. It also arises from seeing the faults of other people. But in men of intelligence it quickly disappears in consequence of...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.139.41). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vigadha, Nish, Nisha, Supta, Supti, Candala, Pakkana, Shanaih, Shana, Utthaya, Uttha, Bhagavat, Pra, Kuti, Tha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.139.41). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sa vigāḍhāṃ niśāṃ dṛṣṭvā supte caṇḍālapakkaṇe
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vigāḍhām -
  • vigāḍhā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • niśām -
  • niś (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
    niśā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • dṛṣṭvā -
  • dṛś -> dṛṣṭvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dṛś]
  • supte -
  • supta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    supta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    suptā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    supti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    svap -> supta (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √svap class 2 verb]
    svap -> supta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √svap class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √svap class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √svap class 2 verb], [locative single from √svap class 2 verb]
    svap -> suptā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √svap class 2 verb], [vocative single from √svap class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √svap class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √svap class 2 verb]
  • caṇḍāla -
  • caṇḍāla (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pakkaṇe -
  • pakkaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • Line 2: “śanairutthāya bhagavānpraviveśa kuṭīmaṭham
  • śanair -
  • śanaiḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    śana (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    śana (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • utthāya -
  • utthāya (indeclinable)
    uttha (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    uttha (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • bhagavān -
  • bhagavat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pra -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (Preverb)
  • viveśa -
  • viś (verb class 6)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    viś (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • kuṭīm -
  • kuṭī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • a -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ṭham -
  • ṭha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.139.41

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.139.41 in Kannada sript:
ಸ ವಿಗಾಢಾಂ ನಿಶಾಂ ದೃಷ್ಟ್ವಾ ಸುಪ್ತೇ ಚಣ್ಡಾಲಪಕ್ಕಣೇ ।
ಶನೈರುತ್ಥಾಯ ಭಗವಾನ್ಪ್ರವಿವೇಶ ಕುಟೀಮಠಮ್ ॥ ೪೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.139.41 in Bengali sript:
স বিগাঢাং নিশাং দৃষ্ট্বা সুপ্তে চণ্ডালপক্কণে ।
শনৈরুত্থায ভগবান্প্রবিবেশ কুটীমঠম্ ॥ ৪১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.139.41 in Gujarati sript:
સ વિગાઢાં નિશાં દૃષ્ટ્વા સુપ્તે ચણ્ડાલપક્કણે ।
શનૈરુત્થાય ભગવાન્પ્રવિવેશ કુટીમઠમ્ ॥ ૪૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.139.41 in Malayalam sript:
സ വിഗാഢാം നിശാം ദൃഷ്ട്വാ സുപ്തേ ചണ്ഡാലപക്കണേ ।
ശനൈരുത്ഥായ ഭഗവാന്പ്രവിവേശ കുടീമഠമ് ॥ ൪൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 12.139.41 in Telugu sript:
స విగాఢాం నిశాం దృష్ట్వా సుప్తే చణ్డాలపక్కణే ।
శనైరుత్థాయ భగవాన్ప్రవివేశ కుటీమఠమ్ ॥ ౪౧ ॥

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