Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.138.15

शत्रुं च मित्ररूपेण सान्त्वेनैवाभिसान्त्वयेत् ।
नित्यशश्चोद्विजेत्तस्मात्सर्पाद्वेश्मगतादिव ॥ १५ ॥

śatruṃ ca mitrarūpeṇa sāntvenaivābhisāntvayet |
nityaśaścodvijettasmātsarpādveśmagatādiva || 15 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...others), they who are universal benefactors, they who are possessed of great courage (of mind), they who observe all the duties laid down in the scriptures, they who are devoted to the good of all, they who...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.138.15). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Shatru, Mitra, Rupa, Santva, Abhi, Nityashah, Dvija, Tta, Sma, Sman, Sarpa, Veshman, Gata, Iva,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.138.15). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “śatruṃ ca mitrarūpeṇa sāntvenaivābhisāntvayet
  • śatrum -
  • śatru (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mitra -
  • mitra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mitra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rūpeṇa -
  • rūpa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    rūpa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • sāntvenai -
  • sāntva (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    sāntva (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • aivā -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • abhi -
  • abhi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    abhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    abhī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    abhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    abhī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    abhi (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • sāntvayet -
  • sāntv (verb class 10)
    [optative active third single]
  • Line 2: “nityaśaścodvijettasmātsarpādveśmagatādiva
  • nityaśaś -
  • nityaśaḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • co -
  • ca (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dvije -
  • dvija (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    dvija (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    dvijā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • tta -
  • tta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • smā -
  • sma (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    smā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sman (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • āt -
  • āt (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • sarpād -
  • sarpa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    sarpa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • veśma -
  • veśman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • gatād -
  • gata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    gata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.138.15

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.138.15 in Kannada sript:
ಶತ್ರುಂ ಚ ಮಿತ್ರರೂಪೇಣ ಸಾನ್ತ್ವೇನೈವಾಭಿಸಾನ್ತ್ವಯೇತ್ ।
ನಿತ್ಯಶಶ್ಚೋದ್ವಿಜೇತ್ತಸ್ಮಾತ್ಸರ್ಪಾದ್ವೇಶ್ಮಗತಾದಿವ ॥ ೧೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.138.15 in Bengali sript:
শত্রুং চ মিত্ররূপেণ সান্ত্বেনৈবাভিসান্ত্বযেত্ ।
নিত্যশশ্চোদ্বিজেত্তস্মাত্সর্পাদ্বেশ্মগতাদিব ॥ ১৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.138.15 in Gujarati sript:
શત્રું ચ મિત્રરૂપેણ સાન્ત્વેનૈવાભિસાન્ત્વયેત્ ।
નિત્યશશ્ચોદ્વિજેત્તસ્માત્સર્પાદ્વેશ્મગતાદિવ ॥ ૧૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.138.15 in Malayalam sript:
ശത്രും ച മിത്രരൂപേണ സാന്ത്വേനൈവാഭിസാന്ത്വയേത് ।
നിത്യശശ്ചോദ്വിജേത്തസ്മാത്സര്പാദ്വേശ്മഗതാദിവ ॥ ൧൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.138.15 in Telugu sript:
శత్రుం చ మిత్రరూపేణ సాన్త్వేనైవాభిసాన్త్వయేత్ ।
నిత్యశశ్చోద్విజేత్తస్మాత్సర్పాద్వేశ్మగతాదివ ॥ ౧౫ ॥

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