Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.129.14

अपक्रमितुमिच्छेद्वा यथाकामं तु सान्त्वयेत् ।
विलिङ्गमित्वा मित्रेण ततः स्वयमुपक्रमेत् ॥ १४ ॥

apakramitumicchedvā yathākāmaṃ tu sāntvayet |
viliṅgamitvā mitreṇa tataḥ svayamupakramet || 14 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...rice or fruit or root or any other kind of food. He then, exclaiming, 'Alas, great is the distress that has overtaken me!' fell down from weakness in that hamlet of the Candalas. The sage began to reflect, saying...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.129.14). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Apakramin, Mit, Sha, Shi, Dva, Yathakama, Vilinga, Itvan, Mitra, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Svayam, Upa,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.129.14). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “apakramitumicchedvā yathākāmaṃ tu sāntvayet
  • apakrami -
  • apakramin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    apakramin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • micch -
  • mit (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • śe -
  • śa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    śa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    śi (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • dvā* -
  • dva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    dvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • yathākāmam -
  • yathākāma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    yathākāma (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    yathākāmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • sāntvayet -
  • sāntv (verb class 10)
    [optative active third single]
  • Line 2: “viliṅgamitvā mitreṇa tataḥ svayamupakramet
  • viliṅgam -
  • viliṅga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    viliṅga (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    viliṅgā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • itvā -
  • i -> itvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √i]
    itvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mitreṇa -
  • mitra (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    mitra (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • svayam -
  • svayam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • upa -
  • upa (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    upa (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    upa (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    upa (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • kramet -
  • kram (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.129.14

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.129.14 in Kannada sript:
ಅಪಕ್ರಮಿತುಮಿಚ್ಛೇದ್ವಾ ಯಥಾಕಾಮಂ ತು ಸಾನ್ತ್ವಯೇತ್ ।
ವಿಲಿಙ್ಗಮಿತ್ವಾ ಮಿತ್ರೇಣ ತತಃ ಸ್ವಯಮುಪಕ್ರಮೇತ್ ॥ ೧೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.129.14 in Bengali sript:
অপক্রমিতুমিচ্ছেদ্বা যথাকামং তু সান্ত্বযেত্ ।
বিলিঙ্গমিত্বা মিত্রেণ ততঃ স্বযমুপক্রমেত্ ॥ ১৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.129.14 in Gujarati sript:
અપક્રમિતુમિચ્છેદ્વા યથાકામં તુ સાન્ત્વયેત્ ।
વિલિઙ્ગમિત્વા મિત્રેણ તતઃ સ્વયમુપક્રમેત્ ॥ ૧૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.129.14 in Malayalam sript:
അപക്രമിതുമിച്ഛേദ്വാ യഥാകാമം തു സാന്ത്വയേത് ।
വിലിങ്ഗമിത്വാ മിത്രേണ തതഃ സ്വയമുപക്രമേത് ॥ ൧൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.129.14 in Telugu sript:
అపక్రమితుమిచ్ఛేద్వా యథాకామం తు సాన్త్వయేత్ ।
విలిఙ్గమిత్వా మిత్రేణ తతః స్వయముపక్రమేత్ ॥ ౧౪ ॥

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