Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.120.40

बुद्धिर्दीप्ता बलवन्तं हिनस्ति बलं बुद्ध्या वर्धते पाल्यमानम् ।
शत्रुर्बुद्ध्या सीदते वर्धमानो बुद्धेः पश्चात्कर्म यत्तत्प्रशस्तम् ॥ ४० ॥

buddhirdīptā balavantaṃ hinasti balaṃ buddhyā vardhate pālyamānam |
śatrurbuddhyā sīdate vardhamāno buddheḥ paścātkarma yattatpraśastam || 40 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...intelligence immediately set out by a current and reached another deep lake. The fishermen, Seeing that all the water had been baled out, shut in the fishes that remained, by diverse means. Then they began to...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.120.40). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Buddhi, Dipta, Balavat, Bala, Palyamana, Shatru, Sidat, Vardhamana, Pashcat, Pashca, Karman, Yat, Yad, Tat, Tad, Prashasta,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.120.40). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “buddhirdīptā balavantaṃ hinasti balaṃ buddhyā vardhate pālyamānam
  • buddhir -
  • buddhi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • dīptā* -
  • dīpta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    dīptā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • balavantam -
  • balavat (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • hinasti -
  • hiṃs (verb class 7)
    [present active third single]
  • balam -
  • bala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    balā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • buddhyā* -
  • buddhi (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • vardhate -
  • vṛdh (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]
  • pālyamānam -
  • -> pālyamāna (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √]
    -> pālyamāna (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √]
    -> pālyamānā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √]
    pāl -> pālyamāna (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √pāl class 10 verb]
    pāl -> pālyamāna (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √pāl class 10 verb], [accusative single from √pāl class 10 verb]
    -> pālyamāna (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √]
    -> pālyamāna (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √], [accusative single from √]
  • Line 2: “śatrurbuddhyā sīdate vardhamāno buddheḥ paścātkarma yattatpraśastam
  • śatrur -
  • śatru (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • buddhyā -
  • buddhi (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • sīdate -
  • sad -> sīdat (participle, masculine)
    [dative single from √sad class 1 verb]
    sad -> sīdat (participle, neuter)
    [dative single from √sad class 1 verb]
  • vardhamāno* -
  • vardhamāna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vṛdh -> vardhamāna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vṛdh class 1 verb]
  • buddheḥ -
  • buddhi (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • paścāt -
  • paścāt (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    paśca (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    paśca (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • karma -
  • karman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • yat -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • praśastam -
  • praśasta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    praśasta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    praśastā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.120.40

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.120.40 in Kannada sript:
ಬುದ್ಧಿರ್ದೀಪ್ತಾ ಬಲವನ್ತಂ ಹಿನಸ್ತಿ ಬಲಂ ಬುದ್ಧ್ಯಾ ವರ್ಧತೇ ಪಾಲ್ಯಮಾನಮ್ ।
ಶತ್ರುರ್ಬುದ್ಧ್ಯಾ ಸೀದತೇ ವರ್ಧಮಾನೋ ಬುದ್ಧೇಃ ಪಶ್ಚಾತ್ಕರ್ಮ ಯತ್ತತ್ಪ್ರಶಸ್ತಮ್ ॥ ೪೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.120.40 in Bengali sript:
বুদ্ধির্দীপ্তা বলবন্তং হিনস্তি বলং বুদ্ধ্যা বর্ধতে পাল্যমানম্ ।
শত্রুর্বুদ্ধ্যা সীদতে বর্ধমানো বুদ্ধেঃ পশ্চাত্কর্ম যত্তত্প্রশস্তম্ ॥ ৪০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.120.40 in Gujarati sript:
બુદ્ધિર્દીપ્તા બલવન્તં હિનસ્તિ બલં બુદ્ધ્યા વર્ધતે પાલ્યમાનમ્ ।
શત્રુર્બુદ્ધ્યા સીદતે વર્ધમાનો બુદ્ધેઃ પશ્ચાત્કર્મ યત્તત્પ્રશસ્તમ્ ॥ ૪૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.120.40 in Malayalam sript:
ബുദ്ധിര്ദീപ്താ ബലവന്തം ഹിനസ്തി ബലം ബുദ്ധ്യാ വര്ധതേ പാല്യമാനമ് ।
ശത്രുര്ബുദ്ധ്യാ സീദതേ വര്ധമാനോ ബുദ്ധേഃ പശ്ചാത്കര്മ യത്തത്പ്രശസ്തമ് ॥ ൪൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.120.40 in Telugu sript:
బుద్ధిర్దీప్తా బలవన్తం హినస్తి బలం బుద్ధ్యా వర్ధతే పాల్యమానమ్ ।
శత్రుర్బుద్ధ్యా సీదతే వర్ధమానో బుద్ధేః పశ్చాత్కర్మ యత్తత్ప్రశస్తమ్ ॥ ౪౦ ॥

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