Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.118.11

खातकव्यूहतत्त्वज्ञं बलहर्षणकोविदम् ।
इङ्गिताकारतत्त्वज्ञं यात्रायानविशारदम् ॥ ११ ॥

khātakavyūhatattvajñaṃ balaharṣaṇakovidam |
iṅgitākāratattvajñaṃ yātrāyānaviśāradam || 11 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...174555:} As a hunter of beasts discovers the track of a shaft-struck deer by observing spots of blood on the ground, even so should one seek to discover the reasons of duties. This should a man tread with humility...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.118.11). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Khataka, Vyuha, Tattvajna, Balahan, Kovida, Ingita, Akara, Yatra, Ana, Visharada,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.118.11). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “khātakavyūhatattvajñaṃ balaharṣaṇakovidam
  • khātaka -
  • khātaka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    khātaka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vyūha -
  • vyūha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tattvajñam -
  • tattvajña (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    tattvajña (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tattvajñā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • balahar -
  • balahan (noun, neuter)
    [compound]
    balahan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ṛṣa -
  • ṛṣ (verb class 6)
    [imperative active second single]
  • ṇa -
  • ṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kovidam -
  • kovida (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kovida (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kovidā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “iṅgitākāratattvajñaṃ yātrāyānaviśāradam
  • iṅgitā -
  • iṅgita (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    iṅg -> iṅgita (participle, masculine)
    [compound from √iṅg]
    iṅg -> iṅgita (participle, neuter)
    [compound from √iṅg]
    iṅg -> iṅgita (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √iṅg class 1 verb], [vocative single from √iṅg]
    iṅg -> iṅgita (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √iṅg class 1 verb], [vocative single from √iṅg]
    iṅg -> iṅgitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √iṅg class 1 verb], [nominative single from √iṅg]
  • akāra -
  • akāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tattvajñam -
  • tattvajña (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    tattvajña (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tattvajñā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • yātrāyā -
  • yātra (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    yātra (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • āna -
  • āna (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    an (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • viśāradam -
  • viśārada (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    viśārada (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    viśāradā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.118.11

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.118.11 in Kannada sript:
ಖಾತಕವ್ಯೂಹತತ್ತ್ವಜ್ಞಂ ಬಲಹರ್ಷಣಕೋವಿದಮ್ ।
ಇಙ್ಗಿತಾಕಾರತತ್ತ್ವಜ್ಞಂ ಯಾತ್ರಾಯಾನವಿಶಾರದಮ್ ॥ ೧೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.118.11 in Bengali sript:
খাতকব্যূহতত্ত্বজ্ঞং বলহর্ষণকোবিদম্ ।
ইঙ্গিতাকারতত্ত্বজ্ঞং যাত্রাযানবিশারদম্ ॥ ১১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.118.11 in Gujarati sript:
ખાતકવ્યૂહતત્ત્વજ્ઞં બલહર્ષણકોવિદમ્ ।
ઇઙ્ગિતાકારતત્ત્વજ્ઞં યાત્રાયાનવિશારદમ્ ॥ ૧૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.118.11 in Malayalam sript:
ഖാതകവ്യൂഹതത്ത്വജ്ഞം ബലഹര്ഷണകോവിദമ് ।
ഇങ്ഗിതാകാരതത്ത്വജ്ഞം യാത്രായാനവിശാരദമ് ॥ ൧൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.118.11 in Telugu sript:
ఖాతకవ్యూహతత్త్వజ్ఞం బలహర్షణకోవిదమ్ ।
ఇఙ్గితాకారతత్త్వజ్ఞం యాత్రాయానవిశారదమ్ ॥ ౧౧ ॥

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