Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.111.8

आहवेषु च ये शूरास्त्यक्त्वा मरणजं भयम् ।
धर्मेण जयमिच्छन्तो दुर्गाण्यतितरन्ति ते ॥ ८ ॥

āhaveṣu ca ye śūrāstyaktvā maraṇajaṃ bhayam |
dharmeṇa jayamicchanto durgāṇyatitaranti te || 8 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...as fasts and vows) have led to the acquisition of Virtue. As regards this topic, therefore, a dullard whose understanding has been debased by ignorance, never succeeds in acquiring the highest aim of Virtue...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.111.8). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ahava, Yah, Yat, Shura, Maranaja, Bhaya, Dharmena, Dharma, Jaya, Icchat, Durga, Ati, Taranti, Tarat, Tad, Yushmad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.111.8). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “āhaveṣu ca ye śūrāstyaktvā maraṇajaṃ bhayam
  • āhaveṣu -
  • āhava (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ye -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • śūrās -
  • śūra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    śūrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • tyaktvā -
  • tyaj -> tyaktvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tyaj]
  • maraṇajam -
  • maraṇaja (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    maraṇaja (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    maraṇajā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • bhayam -
  • bhaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhayā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “dharmeṇa jayamicchanto durgāṇyatitaranti te
  • dharmeṇa -
  • dharmeṇa (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    dharma (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • jayam -
  • jaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jayā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • icchanto* -
  • iṣ -> icchat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √iṣ class 6 verb], [vocative plural from √iṣ class 6 verb]
  • durgāṇya -
  • durga (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ati -
  • ati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    ati (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ati (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • taranti -
  • tarantī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    tṝ -> tarat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √tṝ class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √tṝ class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √tṝ class 1 verb]
    tṝ -> tarantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √tṝ class 1 verb]
    tṝ (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.111.8

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.111.8 in Kannada sript:
ಆಹವೇಷು ಚ ಯೇ ಶೂರಾಸ್ತ್ಯಕ್ತ್ವಾ ಮರಣಜಂ ಭಯಮ್ ।
ಧರ್ಮೇಣ ಜಯಮಿಚ್ಛನ್ತೋ ದುರ್ಗಾಣ್ಯತಿತರನ್ತಿ ತೇ ॥ ೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.111.8 in Bengali sript:
আহবেষু চ যে শূরাস্ত্যক্ত্বা মরণজং ভযম্ ।
ধর্মেণ জযমিচ্ছন্তো দুর্গাণ্যতিতরন্তি তে ॥ ৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.111.8 in Gujarati sript:
આહવેષુ ચ યે શૂરાસ્ત્યક્ત્વા મરણજં ભયમ્ ।
ધર્મેણ જયમિચ્છન્તો દુર્ગાણ્યતિતરન્તિ તે ॥ ૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.111.8 in Malayalam sript:
ആഹവേഷു ച യേ ശൂരാസ്ത്യക്ത്വാ മരണജം ഭയമ് ।
ധര്മേണ ജയമിച്ഛന്തോ ദുര്ഗാണ്യതിതരന്തി തേ ॥ ൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.111.8 in Telugu sript:
ఆహవేషు చ యే శూరాస్త్యక్త్వా మరణజం భయమ్ ।
ధర్మేణ జయమిచ్ఛన్తో దుర్గాణ్యతితరన్తి తే ॥ ౮ ॥

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