Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.104.23

मार्दवं दण्ड आलस्यं प्रमादश्च सुरोत्तम ।
मायाश्च विविधाः शक्र साधयन्त्यविचक्षणम् ॥ २३ ॥

mārdavaṃ daṇḍa ālasyaṃ pramādaśca surottama |
māyāśca vividhāḥ śakra sādhayantyavicakṣaṇam || 23 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...that prince of elephants into a lion. As the wild lion was an animal of same species with himself, the Rishi’s lion no longer feared him. On the other hand, the wild lion seeing a stronger beast of his own species...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.104.23). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Mardava, Danda, Alasya, Pramada, Surottama, Maya, Vividha, Shakra, Sadhayat, Sadhayanti, Avicakshana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.104.23). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “mārdavaṃ daṇḍa ālasyaṃ pramādaśca surottama
  • mārdavam -
  • mārdava (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mārdava (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • daṇḍa* -
  • daṇḍa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ālasyam -
  • ālasya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ālasya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ālasyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • pramādaś -
  • pramāda (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • surottama -
  • surottama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    surottama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “māyāśca vividhāḥ śakra sādhayantyavicakṣaṇam
  • māyāś -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    māya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    māyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    (verb class 2)
    [optative active second single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vividhāḥ -
  • vividha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    vividhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • śakra -
  • śakra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śakra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sādhayantya -
  • sidh -> sādhayantī (participle, feminine)
    [compound from √sidh], [adverb from √sidh]
    sidh -> sādhayat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √sidh], [nominative plural from √sidh], [vocative dual from √sidh], [vocative plural from √sidh], [accusative dual from √sidh], [accusative plural from √sidh]
    sidh -> sādhayantī (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √sidh], [vocative single from √sidh]
    sidh (verb class 0)
    [present active third plural]
  • avicakṣaṇam -
  • avicakṣaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    avicakṣaṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    avicakṣaṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.104.23

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.104.23 in Kannada sript:
ಮಾರ್ದವಂ ದಣ್ಡ ಆಲಸ್ಯಂ ಪ್ರಮಾದಶ್ಚ ಸುರೋತ್ತಮ ।
ಮಾಯಾಶ್ಚ ವಿವಿಧಾಃ ಶಕ್ರ ಸಾಧಯನ್ತ್ಯವಿಚಕ್ಷಣಮ್ ॥ ೨೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.104.23 in Bengali sript:
মার্দবং দণ্ড আলস্যং প্রমাদশ্চ সুরোত্তম ।
মাযাশ্চ বিবিধাঃ শক্র সাধযন্ত্যবিচক্ষণম্ ॥ ২৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.104.23 in Gujarati sript:
માર્દવં દણ્ડ આલસ્યં પ્રમાદશ્ચ સુરોત્તમ ।
માયાશ્ચ વિવિધાઃ શક્ર સાધયન્ત્યવિચક્ષણમ્ ॥ ૨૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.104.23 in Malayalam sript:
മാര്ദവം ദണ്ഡ ആലസ്യം പ്രമാദശ്ച സുരോത്തമ ।
മായാശ്ച വിവിധാഃ ശക്ര സാധയന്ത്യവിചക്ഷണമ് ॥ ൨൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.104.23 in Telugu sript:
మార్దవం దణ్డ ఆలస్యం ప్రమాదశ్చ సురోత్తమ ।
మాయాశ్చ వివిధాః శక్ర సాధయన్త్యవిచక్షణమ్ ॥ ౨౩ ॥

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