Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.75.2

यतादृष्टं भयं ब्रह्म प्रजानां शमयत्युत ।
दृष्टं च राजा बाहुभ्यां तद्राष्ट्रं सुखमेधते ॥ २ ॥

yatādṛṣṭaṃ bhayaṃ brahma prajānāṃ śamayatyuta |
dṛṣṭaṃ ca rājā bāhubhyāṃ tadrāṣṭraṃ sukhamedhate || 2 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Sakra began to act according to those instructions. Do you also, O son of Kunti, practise this virtue."' "Yudhishthira said, 'O foremost of kings, what is that method by which a king ruling his subjects may...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.75.2). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yata, Rishta, Bhaya, Brahma, Brahman, Praja, Prajana, Shamayat, Uta, Drishta, Raja, Bahu, Tad, Tat, Rashtra, Sukham, Sukha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.75.2). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yatādṛṣṭaṃ bhayaṃ brahma prajānāṃ śamayatyuta
  • yatād -
  • yata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    yata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    yam -> yata (participle, masculine)
    [ablative single from √yam class 1 verb]
    yam -> yata (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √yam class 1 verb]
  • ṛṣṭam -
  • ṛṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ṛṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ṛṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • bhayam -
  • bhaya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhayā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • brahma -
  • brahma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    brahma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    brahman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    brahm (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • prajānām -
  • praja (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    praja (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    prajā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
    prajānā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • śamayatyu -
  • śam -> śamayat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √śam]
    śam -> śamayat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √śam], [vocative dual from √śam], [accusative dual from √śam], [locative single from √śam]
    śam (verb class 0)
    [present active third single]
  • uta -
  • uta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    uta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    -> uta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ class 1 verb]
    -> uta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ class 1 verb]
    u (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural]
  • Line 2: “dṛṣṭaṃ ca rājā bāhubhyāṃ tadrāṣṭraṃ sukhamedhate
  • dṛṣṭam -
  • dṛṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dṛṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dṛṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    dṛś -> dṛṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √dṛś]
    dṛś -> dṛṣṭa (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √dṛś]
    dṛś -> dṛṣṭā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √dṛś]
    dṛś -> dṛṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √dṛś class 1 verb]
    dṛś -> dṛṣṭa (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √dṛś class 1 verb], [accusative single from √dṛś class 1 verb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rājā* -
  • rāja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    rājā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • bāhubhyām -
  • bāhu (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental dual], [dative dual], [ablative dual]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • rāṣṭram -
  • rāṣṭra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rāṣṭra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • sukham -
  • sukham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sukha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sukha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sukhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • edhate -
  • edh (verb class 1)
    [present middle third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.75.2

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.75.2 in Kannada sript:
ಯತಾದೃಷ್ಟಂ ಭಯಂ ಬ್ರಹ್ಮ ಪ್ರಜಾನಾಂ ಶಮಯತ್ಯುತ ।
ದೃಷ್ಟಂ ಚ ರಾಜಾ ಬಾಹುಭ್ಯಾಂ ತದ್ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಂ ಸುಖಮೇಧತೇ ॥ ೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.75.2 in Bengali sript:
যতাদৃষ্টং ভযং ব্রহ্ম প্রজানাং শমযত্যুত ।
দৃষ্টং চ রাজা বাহুভ্যাং তদ্রাষ্ট্রং সুখমেধতে ॥ ২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.75.2 in Gujarati sript:
યતાદૃષ્ટં ભયં બ્રહ્મ પ્રજાનાં શમયત્યુત ।
દૃષ્ટં ચ રાજા બાહુભ્યાં તદ્રાષ્ટ્રં સુખમેધતે ॥ ૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.75.2 in Malayalam sript:
യതാദൃഷ്ടം ഭയം ബ്രഹ്മ പ്രജാനാം ശമയത്യുത ।
ദൃഷ്ടം ച രാജാ ബാഹുഭ്യാം തദ്രാഷ്ട്രം സുഖമേധതേ ॥ ൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.75.2 in Telugu sript:
యతాదృష్టం భయం బ్రహ్మ ప్రజానాం శమయత్యుత ।
దృష్టం చ రాజా బాహుభ్యాం తద్రాష్ట్రం సుఖమేధతే ॥ ౨ ॥

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