Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.69.31

एते गुणाः समस्ताः स्युर्नृपस्य सततं स्थिराः ।
क्रियालोपे तु नृपतेः कुतः स्वर्गः कुतो यशः ॥ ३१ ॥

ete guṇāḥ samastāḥ syurnṛpasya satataṃ sthirāḥ |
kriyālope tu nṛpateḥ kutaḥ svargaḥ kuto yaśaḥ || 31 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...subject of knowledge. The rhapsodies of system-builders cannot affect this.—'" "Yudhishthira said, 'The most trifling act, O grandsire, cannot be accomplished by any man if unaided. What then need be said of...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.69.31). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Eta, Etad, Eti, Esha, Guna, Samasta, Nripa, Satatam, Satata, Sthira, Kriyalopa, Nripati, Kutah, Kuta, Svarga, Yasha, Yashas,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.69.31). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ete guṇāḥ samastāḥ syurnṛpasya satataṃ sthirāḥ
  • ete -
  • eta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    eta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    etā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    eti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    eṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
  • guṇāḥ -
  • guṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    guṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • samastāḥ -
  • samasta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    samastā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • syur -
  • as (verb class 2)
    [optative active third plural]
  • nṛpasya -
  • nṛpa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • satatam -
  • satatam (indeclinable)
    satata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    satata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    satatā (noun, feminine)
  • sthirāḥ -
  • sthira (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    sthirā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “kriyālope tu nṛpateḥ kutaḥ svargaḥ kuto yaśaḥ
  • kriyālope -
  • kriyālopa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • nṛpateḥ -
  • nṛpati (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • kutaḥ -
  • kutaḥ (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kutaḥ (indeclinable)
    kuta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • svargaḥ -
  • svarga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kuto* -
  • kutaḥ (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    kutaḥ (indeclinable)
    kuta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yaśaḥ -
  • yaśas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    yaśas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    yaśa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.69.31

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.69.31 in Kannada sript:
ಏತೇ ಗುಣಾಃ ಸಮಸ್ತಾಃ ಸ್ಯುರ್ನೃಪಸ್ಯ ಸತತಂ ಸ್ಥಿರಾಃ ।
ಕ್ರಿಯಾಲೋಪೇ ತು ನೃಪತೇಃ ಕುತಃ ಸ್ವರ್ಗಃ ಕುತೋ ಯಶಃ ॥ ೩೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.69.31 in Bengali sript:
এতে গুণাঃ সমস্তাঃ স্যুর্নৃপস্য সততং স্থিরাঃ ।
ক্রিযালোপে তু নৃপতেঃ কুতঃ স্বর্গঃ কুতো যশঃ ॥ ৩১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.69.31 in Gujarati sript:
એતે ગુણાઃ સમસ્તાઃ સ્યુર્નૃપસ્ય સતતં સ્થિરાઃ ।
ક્રિયાલોપે તુ નૃપતેઃ કુતઃ સ્વર્ગઃ કુતો યશઃ ॥ ૩૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.69.31 in Malayalam sript:
ഏതേ ഗുണാഃ സമസ്താഃ സ്യുര്നൃപസ്യ സതതം സ്ഥിരാഃ ।
ക്രിയാലോപേ തു നൃപതേഃ കുതഃ സ്വര്ഗഃ കുതോ യശഃ ॥ ൩൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.69.31 in Telugu sript:
ఏతే గుణాః సమస్తాః స్యుర్నృపస్య సతతం స్థిరాః ।
క్రియాలోపే తు నృపతేః కుతః స్వర్గః కుతో యశః ॥ ౩౧ ॥

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