Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.64.22

कर्मणा वै पुरा देवा ऋषयश्चामितौजसः ।
त्राताः सर्वे प्रमथ्यारीन्क्षत्रधर्मेण विष्णुना ॥ २२ ॥

karmaṇā vai purā devā ṛṣayaścāmitaujasaḥ |
trātāḥ sarve pramathyārīnkṣatradharmeṇa viṣṇunā || 22 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...son of Pandu, for no regret or pain will then be thine. Protection of the subject is the highest duty of the king, since compassion to all creatures and protecting them from injury has been said to be the highest...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.64.22). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Karman, Pura, Deva, Rishi, Ita, Iti, Ojas, Trata, Sarva, Pramathya, Ari, Kshatradharma, Vishnu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.64.22). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “karmaṇā vai purā devā ṛṣayaścāmitaujasaḥ
  • karmaṇā -
  • karman (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • purā* -
  • pura (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    purā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • devā* -
  • deva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    devā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • ṛṣayaś -
  • ṛṣi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • cām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • itau -
  • ita (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ita (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    itā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    i -> ita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative dual from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √i class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> ita (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> itā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural]
  • ojasaḥ -
  • ojas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    ojas (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “trātāḥ sarve pramathyārīnkṣatradharmeṇa viṣṇunā
  • trātāḥ -
  • trāta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    trātā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    trai -> trāta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √trai class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √trai class 1 verb]
    trai -> trātā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √trai class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √trai class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √trai class 1 verb]
  • sarve -
  • sarva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [locative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sarvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • pramathyā -
  • pramathyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • arīn -
  • ari (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • kṣatradharmeṇa -
  • kṣatradharma (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • viṣṇunā -
  • viṣṇu (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.64.22

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.64.22 in Kannada sript:
ಕರ್ಮಣಾ ವೈ ಪುರಾ ದೇವಾ ಋಷಯಶ್ಚಾಮಿತೌಜಸಃ ।
ತ್ರಾತಾಃ ಸರ್ವೇ ಪ್ರಮಥ್ಯಾರೀನ್ಕ್ಷತ್ರಧರ್ಮೇಣ ವಿಷ್ಣುನಾ ॥ ೨೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.64.22 in Bengali sript:
কর্মণা বৈ পুরা দেবা ঋষযশ্চামিতৌজসঃ ।
ত্রাতাঃ সর্বে প্রমথ্যারীন্ক্ষত্রধর্মেণ বিষ্ণুনা ॥ ২২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.64.22 in Gujarati sript:
કર્મણા વૈ પુરા દેવા ઋષયશ્ચામિતૌજસઃ ।
ત્રાતાઃ સર્વે પ્રમથ્યારીન્ક્ષત્રધર્મેણ વિષ્ણુના ॥ ૨૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.64.22 in Malayalam sript:
കര്മണാ വൈ പുരാ ദേവാ ഋഷയശ്ചാമിതൌജസഃ ।
ത്രാതാഃ സര്വേ പ്രമഥ്യാരീന്ക്ഷത്രധര്മേണ വിഷ്ണുനാ ॥ ൨൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 12.64.22 in Telugu sript:
కర్మణా వై పురా దేవా ఋషయశ్చామితౌజసః ।
త్రాతాః సర్వే ప్రమథ్యారీన్క్షత్రధర్మేణ విష్ణునా ॥ ౨౨ ॥

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