Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.64.5

प्रत्यक्षसुखभूयिष्ठमात्मसाक्षिकमच्छलम् ।
सर्वलोकहितं धर्मं क्षत्रियेषु प्रतिष्ठितम् ॥ ५ ॥

pratyakṣasukhabhūyiṣṭhamātmasākṣikamacchalam |
sarvalokahitaṃ dharmaṃ kṣatriyeṣu pratiṣṭhitam || 5 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...purposes. Endued with sincerity, and wisdom and intelligence, O Bharata, you should adopt truth and avoid lust and wrath. That foolish king who pursues Profit without driving away lust and wrath, fails to acquire...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.64.5). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Pratyaksha, Sukha, Bhuyishtham, Bhuyishtha, Sakshin, Sakshi, Kama, Ccha, Sarvalokahita, Dharma, Kshatriya, Pratishthita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.64.5). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “pratyakṣasukhabhūyiṣṭhamātmasākṣikamacchalam
  • pratyakṣa -
  • pratyakṣa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pratyakṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sukha -
  • sukha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sukha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhūyiṣṭham -
  • bhūyiṣṭham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bhūyiṣṭha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhūyiṣṭha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhūyiṣṭhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ātma -
  • ātman (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • sākṣi -
  • sākṣi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    sākṣin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    sākṣin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    sākṣī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    sākṣī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    sākṣī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • kama -
  • kama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ccha -
  • ccha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ccha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • lam -
  • la (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “sarvalokahitaṃ dharmaṃ kṣatriyeṣu pratiṣṭhitam
  • sarvalokahitam -
  • sarvalokahita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sarvalokahita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • dharmam -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dharman (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    dharman (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
    dharmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • kṣatriyeṣu -
  • kṣatriya (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    kṣatriya (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • pratiṣṭhitam -
  • pratiṣṭhita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pratiṣṭhita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    pratiṣṭhitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.64.5

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.64.5 in Kannada sript:
ಪ್ರತ್ಯಕ್ಷಸುಖಭೂಯಿಷ್ಠಮಾತ್ಮಸಾಕ್ಷಿಕಮಚ್ಛಲಮ್ ।
ಸರ್ವಲೋಕಹಿತಂ ಧರ್ಮಂ ಕ್ಷತ್ರಿಯೇಷು ಪ್ರತಿಷ್ಠಿತಮ್ ॥ ೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.64.5 in Bengali sript:
প্রত্যক্ষসুখভূযিষ্ঠমাত্মসাক্ষিকমচ্ছলম্ ।
সর্বলোকহিতং ধর্মং ক্ষত্রিযেষু প্রতিষ্ঠিতম্ ॥ ৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.64.5 in Gujarati sript:
પ્રત્યક્ષસુખભૂયિષ્ઠમાત્મસાક્ષિકમચ્છલમ્ ।
સર્વલોકહિતં ધર્મં ક્ષત્રિયેષુ પ્રતિષ્ઠિતમ્ ॥ ૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.64.5 in Malayalam sript:
പ്രത്യക്ഷസുഖഭൂയിഷ്ഠമാത്മസാക്ഷികമച്ഛലമ് ।
സര്വലോകഹിതം ധര്മം ക്ഷത്രിയേഷു പ്രതിഷ്ഠിതമ് ॥ ൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.64.5 in Telugu sript:
ప్రత్యక్షసుఖభూయిష్ఠమాత్మసాక్షికమచ్ఛలమ్ ।
సర్వలోకహితం ధర్మం క్షత్రియేషు ప్రతిష్ఠితమ్ ॥ ౫ ॥

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