Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.61.5

तत्रारण्यकशास्त्राणि समधीत्य स धर्मवित् ।
ऊर्ध्वरेताः प्रजायित्वा गच्छत्यक्षरसात्मताम् ॥ ५ ॥

tatrāraṇyakaśāstrāṇi samadhītya sa dharmavit |
ūrdhvaretāḥ prajāyitvā gacchatyakṣarasātmatām || 5 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...inhabitants should be well covered. For the effectual protection of the city, it should be proclaimed that condign punishment will overtake the person who lights fires by the day time. During such times, all...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.61.5). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatra, Aranyaka, Shastra, Samadhi, Itya, Dharmavid, Urdhvareta, Urdhvaretas, Praja, Ayi, Ayin, Tva, Gacchat, Akshara, Satmata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.61.5). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tatrāraṇyakaśāstrāṇi samadhītya sa dharmavit
  • tatrā -
  • tatra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tatra (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • araṇyaka -
  • araṇyaka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śāstrāṇi -
  • śāstra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • samadhī -
  • samadhī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    samadhī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    samadhī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • itya -
  • itya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    itya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    i -> itya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √i]
    i -> itya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> itya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √i class 2 verb]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dharmavit -
  • dharmavid (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    dharmavid (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “ūrdhvaretāḥ prajāyitvā gacchatyakṣarasātmatām
  • ūrdhvaretāḥ -
  • ūrdhvareta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    ūrdhvaretā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    ūrdhvaretas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • prajā -
  • praja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    praja (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prajā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ayi -
  • ayi (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ayin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ayin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • tvā* -
  • tvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • gacchatya -
  • gacchat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    gacchat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    gam (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • akṣara -
  • akṣara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    akṣara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sātmatām -
  • sātmatā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.61.5

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.61.5 in Kannada sript:
ತತ್ರಾರಣ್ಯಕಶಾಸ್ತ್ರಾಣಿ ಸಮಧೀತ್ಯ ಸ ಧರ್ಮವಿತ್ ।
ಊರ್ಧ್ವರೇತಾಃ ಪ್ರಜಾಯಿತ್ವಾ ಗಚ್ಛತ್ಯಕ್ಷರಸಾತ್ಮತಾಮ್ ॥ ೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.61.5 in Bengali sript:
তত্রারণ্যকশাস্ত্রাণি সমধীত্য স ধর্মবিত্ ।
ঊর্ধ্বরেতাঃ প্রজাযিত্বা গচ্ছত্যক্ষরসাত্মতাম্ ॥ ৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.61.5 in Gujarati sript:
તત્રારણ્યકશાસ્ત્રાણિ સમધીત્ય સ ધર્મવિત્ ।
ઊર્ધ્વરેતાઃ પ્રજાયિત્વા ગચ્છત્યક્ષરસાત્મતામ્ ॥ ૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.61.5 in Malayalam sript:
തത്രാരണ്യകശാസ്ത്രാണി സമധീത്യ സ ധര്മവിത് ।
ഊര്ധ്വരേതാഃ പ്രജായിത്വാ ഗച്ഛത്യക്ഷരസാത്മതാമ് ॥ ൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.61.5 in Telugu sript:
తత్రారణ్యకశాస్త్రాణి సమధీత్య స ధర్మవిత్ ।
ఊర్ధ్వరేతాః ప్రజాయిత్వా గచ్ఛత్యక్షరసాత్మతామ్ ॥ ౫ ॥

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