Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.53.12

युक्तो रथवरो राजन्वासुदेवस्य धीमतः ।
समीपमापगेयस्य प्रयास्यति जनार्दनः ॥ १२ ॥

yukto rathavaro rājanvāsudevasya dhīmataḥ |
samīpamāpageyasya prayāsyati janārdanaḥ || 12 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...Panavas, Anakas, conchs, and drums. O Yudhishthira, the six kinds of articles (viz., gems, animals, lands, robes, female slaves, and gold) and the means of acquiring them (for one’s one self) and of destroying...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.53.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yukta, Rathavara, Rajan, Rajat, Vasudeva, Dhimat, Dhimata, Samipa, Apageya, Pra, Praya, Janardana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.53.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yukto rathavaro rājanvāsudevasya dhīmataḥ
  • yukto* -
  • yukta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yuj -> yukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √yuj class 7 verb]
  • rathavaro* -
  • rathavara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • rājan -
  • rājan (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj -> rājat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [vocative single from √rāj class 1 verb]
  • vāsudevasya -
  • vāsudeva (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    vāsudeva (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
  • dhīmataḥ -
  • dhīmat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    dhīmat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    dhīmata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “samīpamāpageyasya prayāsyati janārdanaḥ
  • samīpam -
  • samīpa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    samīpa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    samīpā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • āpageyasya -
  • āpageya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • prayā -
  • prā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    prayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • asyati -
  • as (verb class 4)
    [present active third single]
  • janārdanaḥ -
  • janārdana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.53.12

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.53.12 in Kannada sript:
ಯುಕ್ತೋ ರಥವರೋ ರಾಜನ್ವಾಸುದೇವಸ್ಯ ಧೀಮತಃ ।
ಸಮೀಪಮಾಪಗೇಯಸ್ಯ ಪ್ರಯಾಸ್ಯತಿ ಜನಾರ್ದನಃ ॥ ೧೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.53.12 in Bengali sript:
যুক্তো রথবরো রাজন্বাসুদেবস্য ধীমতঃ ।
সমীপমাপগেযস্য প্রযাস্যতি জনার্দনঃ ॥ ১২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.53.12 in Gujarati sript:
યુક્તો રથવરો રાજન્વાસુદેવસ્ય ધીમતઃ ।
સમીપમાપગેયસ્ય પ્રયાસ્યતિ જનાર્દનઃ ॥ ૧૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.53.12 in Malayalam sript:
യുക്തോ രഥവരോ രാജന്വാസുദേവസ്യ ധീമതഃ ।
സമീപമാപഗേയസ്യ പ്രയാസ്യതി ജനാര്ദനഃ ॥ ൧൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.53.12 in Telugu sript:
యుక్తో రథవరో రాజన్వాసుదేవస్య ధీమతః ।
సమీపమాపగేయస్య ప్రయాస్యతి జనార్దనః ॥ ౧౨ ॥

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