Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.49.74

मरुत्तस्यान्ववाये तु क्षत्रियास्तुर्वसोस्त्रयः ।
मरुत्पतिसमा वीर्ये समुद्रेणाभिरक्षिताः ॥ ७४ ॥

maruttasyānvavāye tu kṣatriyāsturvasostrayaḥ |
marutpatisamā vīrye samudreṇābhirakṣitāḥ || 74 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...their subjects, observance of truth, and sincerity of behaviour are the eternal duty of kings. The king should not covet the wealth of others. He should in time give what should be given, If the king becomes...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.49.74). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Marutta, Anvavaya, Kshatriya, Turvasu, Traya, Tri, Sama, Virya, Samudra, Abhirakshita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.49.74). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “maruttasyānvavāye tu kṣatriyāsturvasostrayaḥ
  • maruttasyā -
  • marutta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
  • anvavāye -
  • anvavāya (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • kṣatriyās -
  • kṣatriya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kṣatriyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • turvasos -
  • turvasu (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • trayaḥ -
  • traya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tri (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 2: “marutpatisamā vīrye samudreṇābhirakṣitāḥ
  • marutpati -
  • marutpati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • samā* -
  • sama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    samā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vīrye -
  • vīrya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    vīryā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vīr -> vīrya (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √vīr class 10 verb]
    vīr -> vīrya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √vīr class 10 verb], [vocative dual from √vīr class 10 verb], [accusative dual from √vīr class 10 verb], [locative single from √vīr class 10 verb]
    vīr -> vīryā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √vīr class 10 verb], [vocative single from √vīr class 10 verb], [vocative dual from √vīr class 10 verb], [accusative dual from √vīr class 10 verb]
    vīr (verb class 10)
    [present passive first single]
  • samudreṇā -
  • samudra (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    samudra (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • abhirakṣitāḥ -
  • abhirakṣita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    abhirakṣitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.49.74

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.49.74 in Kannada sript:
ಮರುತ್ತಸ್ಯಾನ್ವವಾಯೇ ತು ಕ್ಷತ್ರಿಯಾಸ್ತುರ್ವಸೋಸ್ತ್ರಯಃ ।
ಮರುತ್ಪತಿಸಮಾ ವೀರ್ಯೇ ಸಮುದ್ರೇಣಾಭಿರಕ್ಷಿತಾಃ ॥ ೭೪ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.49.74 in Bengali sript:
মরুত্তস্যান্ববাযে তু ক্ষত্রিযাস্তুর্বসোস্ত্রযঃ ।
মরুত্পতিসমা বীর্যে সমুদ্রেণাভিরক্ষিতাঃ ॥ ৭৪ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.49.74 in Gujarati sript:
મરુત્તસ્યાન્વવાયે તુ ક્ષત્રિયાસ્તુર્વસોસ્ત્રયઃ ।
મરુત્પતિસમા વીર્યે સમુદ્રેણાભિરક્ષિતાઃ ॥ ૭૪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.49.74 in Malayalam sript:
മരുത്തസ്യാന്വവായേ തു ക്ഷത്രിയാസ്തുര്വസോസ്ത്രയഃ ।
മരുത്പതിസമാ വീര്യേ സമുദ്രേണാഭിരക്ഷിതാഃ ॥ ൭൪ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.49.74 in Telugu sript:
మరుత్తస్యాన్వవాయే తు క్షత్రియాస్తుర్వసోస్త్రయః ।
మరుత్పతిసమా వీర్యే సముద్రేణాభిరక్షితాః ॥ ౭౪ ॥

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