Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.47.25

महतस्तमसः पारे पुरुषं ज्वलनद्युतिम् ।
यं ज्ञात्वा मृत्युमत्येति तस्मै ज्ञेयात्मने नमः ॥ २५ ॥

mahatastamasaḥ pāre puruṣaṃ jvalanadyutim |
yaṃ jñātvā mṛtyumatyeti tasmai jñeyātmane namaḥ || 25 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...amongst them, adored Krishna with hymns from the Richs, the Yajuses, and the Samans. A celestial shower of flowers belonging to every season fell on that spot where he of Vrishni’s race, with Ganga’s son and...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.47.25). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Mahat, Mahata, Tamas, Tamasa, Para, Purusha, Jvalana, Dyuti, Yah, Mrityumat, Tad, Jneya, Mana, Nama, Namas,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.47.25). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “mahatastamasaḥ pāre puruṣaṃ jvalanadyutim
  • mahatas -
  • mahat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    mahat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    mahata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    mah (verb class 1)
    [present active third dual]
  • tamasaḥ -
  • tamas (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    tamasa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pāre -
  • pāra (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    pāra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    pārā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • puruṣam -
  • puruṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    puruṣa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    puruṣā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • jvalana -
  • jvalana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jvalana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dyutim -
  • dyuti (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    dyuti (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “yaṃ jñātvā mṛtyumatyeti tasmai jñeyātmane namaḥ
  • yam -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • jñātvā -
  • jñā -> jñātvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √jñā]
    jñā -> jñātvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √jñā]
  • mṛtyumatye -
  • mṛtyumat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    mṛtyumat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • eti -
  • eti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    i (verb class 2)
    [present active third single]
  • tasmai -
  • tad (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
  • jñeyāt -
  • jñeya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    jñeya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    jñā -> jñeya (participle, masculine)
    [ablative single from √jñā class 3 verb], [ablative single from √jñā class 9 verb]
    jñā -> jñeya (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √jñā class 3 verb], [ablative single from √jñā class 9 verb]
  • mane -
  • mana (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    manā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • namaḥ -
  • namas (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    namas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    nama (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.47.25

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.47.25 in Kannada sript:
ಮಹತಸ್ತಮಸಃ ಪಾರೇ ಪುರುಷಂ ಜ್ವಲನದ್ಯುತಿಮ್ ।
ಯಂ ಜ್ಞಾತ್ವಾ ಮೃತ್ಯುಮತ್ಯೇತಿ ತಸ್ಮೈ ಜ್ಞೇಯಾತ್ಮನೇ ನಮಃ ॥ ೨೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.47.25 in Bengali sript:
মহতস্তমসঃ পারে পুরুষং জ্বলনদ্যুতিম্ ।
যং জ্ঞাত্বা মৃত্যুমত্যেতি তস্মৈ জ্ঞেযাত্মনে নমঃ ॥ ২৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.47.25 in Gujarati sript:
મહતસ્તમસઃ પારે પુરુષં જ્વલનદ્યુતિમ્ ।
યં જ્ઞાત્વા મૃત્યુમત્યેતિ તસ્મૈ જ્ઞેયાત્મને નમઃ ॥ ૨૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.47.25 in Malayalam sript:
മഹതസ്തമസഃ പാരേ പുരുഷം ജ്വലനദ്യുതിമ് ।
യം ജ്ഞാത്വാ മൃത്യുമത്യേതി തസ്മൈ ജ്ഞേയാത്മനേ നമഃ ॥ ൨൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.47.25 in Telugu sript:
మహతస్తమసః పారే పురుషం జ్వలనద్యుతిమ్ ।
యం జ్ఞాత్వా మృత్యుమత్యేతి తస్మై జ్ఞేయాత్మనే నమః ॥ ౨౫ ॥

Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: