Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.38.21

नेदानीमतिनिर्बन्धं शोके कर्तुमिहार्हसि ।
यदाह भगवान्व्यासस्तत्कुरुष्व नृपोत्तम ॥ २१ ॥

nedānīmatinirbandhaṃ śoke kartumihārhasi |
yadāha bhagavānvyāsastatkuruṣva nṛpottama || 21 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...art the Creator of all the worlds. There cannot, therefore, O delighter of the Yadavas, be the slightest doubt in what you sayest. If your heart be inclined to show grace, O Madhava, then we shall go unto Bhishma...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.38.21). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ati, Nirbandha, Shoka, Kartu, Iha, Yada, Yad, Aha, Bhagavat, Vyasa, Tat, Tad, Nripa, Uttama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.38.21). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “nedānīmatinirbandhaṃ śoke kartumihārhasi
  • nedānī -
  • ned (verb class 1)
    [imperative active first single]
  • im -
  • i (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • ati -
  • ati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    ati (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • nirbandham -
  • nirbandha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • śoke -
  • śoka (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    śoka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    śokā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    śuk (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • kartum -
  • kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √kṛ]
    kartu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    kartu (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • ihā -
  • iha (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • arhasi -
  • arh (verb class 1)
    [present active second single]
  • Line 2: “yadāha bhagavānvyāsastatkuruṣva nṛpottama
  • yadā -
  • yadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yadā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • aha -
  • aha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhagavān -
  • bhagavat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vyāsas -
  • vyāsa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kuruṣva -
  • kṛ (verb class 8)
    [imperative middle second single]
  • nṛpo -
  • nṛpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • uttama -
  • uttama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    uttama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.38.21

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.38.21 in Kannada sript:
ನೇದಾನೀಮತಿನಿರ್ಬನ್ಧಂ ಶೋಕೇ ಕರ್ತುಮಿಹಾರ್ಹಸಿ ।
ಯದಾಹ ಭಗವಾನ್ವ್ಯಾಸಸ್ತತ್ಕುರುಷ್ವ ನೃಪೋತ್ತಮ ॥ ೨೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.38.21 in Bengali sript:
নেদানীমতিনির্বন্ধং শোকে কর্তুমিহার্হসি ।
যদাহ ভগবান্ব্যাসস্তত্কুরুষ্ব নৃপোত্তম ॥ ২১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.38.21 in Gujarati sript:
નેદાનીમતિનિર્બન્ધં શોકે કર્તુમિહાર્હસિ ।
યદાહ ભગવાન્વ્યાસસ્તત્કુરુષ્વ નૃપોત્તમ ॥ ૨૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.38.21 in Malayalam sript:
നേദാനീമതിനിര്ബന്ധം ശോകേ കര്തുമിഹാര്ഹസി ।
യദാഹ ഭഗവാന്വ്യാസസ്തത്കുരുഷ്വ നൃപോത്തമ ॥ ൨൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.38.21 in Telugu sript:
నేదానీమతినిర్బన్ధం శోకే కర్తుమిహార్హసి ।
యదాహ భగవాన్వ్యాసస్తత్కురుష్వ నృపోత్తమ ॥ ౨౧ ॥

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