Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.31.40

स मयैतानि वाक्यानि श्रावितः शोकलालसः ।
यानि ते यदुवीरेण कथितानि महीपते ॥ ४० ॥

sa mayaitāni vākyāni śrāvitaḥ śokalālasaḥ |
yāni te yaduvīreṇa kathitāni mahīpate || 40 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...penance, abstention from injury, truth, freedom from wrath, and worship of the gods in sacrifices,—these are the characteristics of virtue. That again which is virtue may, according to time and place, be sin...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.31.40). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Maya, Asmad, Eta, Etad, Vakya, Shravitri, Shravita, Shokalalasa, Yani, Yat, Tad, Yushmad, Vira, Kathita, Mahipati,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.31.40). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sa mayaitāni vākyāni śrāvitaḥ śokalālasaḥ
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mayai -
  • maya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    mayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [instrumental single]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single], [imperative middle first single]
    may (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single], [imperative middle first single]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single], [imperative middle first single]
  • etāni -
  • eta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • vākyāni -
  • vākya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    vac -> vākya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √vac class 2 verb], [vocative plural from √vac class 2 verb], [accusative plural from √vac class 2 verb], [nominative plural from √vac class 3 verb], [vocative plural from √vac class 3 verb], [accusative plural from √vac class 3 verb]
    vak -> vākya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √vak class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √vak class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √vak class 1 verb]
  • śrāvitaḥ -
  • śrāvitṛ (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    śrāvita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    śru -> śrāvita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √śru]
  • śokalālasaḥ -
  • śokalālasa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “yāni te yaduvīreṇa kathitāni mahīpate
  • yāni -
  • yānī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
    (verb class 2)
    [imperative active first single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • yadu -
  • yadu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • vīreṇa -
  • vīra (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    vīra (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • kathitāni -
  • kathita (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    kath -> kathita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √kath class 10 verb], [vocative plural from √kath class 10 verb], [accusative plural from √kath class 10 verb]
  • mahīpate -
  • mahīpati (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.31.40

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.31.40 in Kannada sript:
ಸ ಮಯೈತಾನಿ ವಾಕ್ಯಾನಿ ಶ್ರಾವಿತಃ ಶೋಕಲಾಲಸಃ ।
ಯಾನಿ ತೇ ಯದುವೀರೇಣ ಕಥಿತಾನಿ ಮಹೀಪತೇ ॥ ೪೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.31.40 in Bengali sript:
স মযৈতানি বাক্যানি শ্রাবিতঃ শোকলালসঃ ।
যানি তে যদুবীরেণ কথিতানি মহীপতে ॥ ৪০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.31.40 in Gujarati sript:
સ મયૈતાનિ વાક્યાનિ શ્રાવિતઃ શોકલાલસઃ ।
યાનિ તે યદુવીરેણ કથિતાનિ મહીપતે ॥ ૪૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.31.40 in Malayalam sript:
സ മയൈതാനി വാക്യാനി ശ്രാവിതഃ ശോകലാലസഃ ।
യാനി തേ യദുവീരേണ കഥിതാനി മഹീപതേ ॥ ൪൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.31.40 in Telugu sript:
స మయైతాని వాక్యాని శ్రావితః శోకలాలసః ।
యాని తే యదువీరేణ కథితాని మహీపతే ॥ ౪౦ ॥

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