Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.29.131

पृथुं वैन्यं प्रजा दृष्ट्वा रक्ताः स्मेति यदब्रुवन् ।
ततो राजेति नामास्य अनुरागादजायत ॥ १३१ ॥

pṛthuṃ vainyaṃ prajā dṛṣṭvā raktāḥ smeti yadabruvan |
tato rājeti nāmāsya anurāgādajāyata || 131 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...the same as before, is called (in the scripture) a great sinner. There is no expiation for him and his sins know no diminution. You are born in noble race. Forced by the faults of others, you have most unwillingly...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.29.131). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Prithu, Vainya, Praja, Prajas, Rakta, Sma, Sman, Iti, Yat, Yad, Abruvat, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Raja, Rajan, Raji, Raj, Naman, Asi, Idam, Anuraga,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.29.131). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “pṛthuṃ vainyaṃ prajā dṛṣṭvā raktāḥ smeti yadabruvan
  • pṛthum -
  • pṛthu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • vainyam -
  • vainya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • prajā* -
  • praja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    prajā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    prajas (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dṛṣṭvā -
  • dṛś -> dṛṣṭvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dṛś]
  • raktāḥ -
  • rakta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    raktā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    rag -> rakta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √rag class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √rag class 1 verb]
    rag -> raktā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √rag class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √rag class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √rag class 1 verb]
    raj -> rakta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √raj class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √raj class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √raj class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √raj class 4 verb]
    raj -> raktā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √raj class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √raj class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √raj class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √raj class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √raj class 4 verb], [accusative plural from √raj class 4 verb]
    rañj -> rakta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √rañj class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √rañj class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √rañj class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √rañj class 4 verb]
    rañj -> raktā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √rañj class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √rañj class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √rañj class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √rañj class 4 verb], [vocative plural from √rañj class 4 verb], [accusative plural from √rañj class 4 verb]
  • sme -
  • sma (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    smā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sman (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • yad -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • abruvan -
  • abruvat (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    brū (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third plural]
  • Line 2: “tato rājeti nāmāsya anurāgādajāyata
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • rāje -
  • rāja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    rājan (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    rājā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    rāji (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    rāji (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    rāj (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single], [dative single]
    rāj (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single], [dative single]
    rāj (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative active second single]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • nāmā -
  • nāman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • asya -
  • asi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    as -> asya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √as]
    a (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [present active second single]
    as (verb class 4)
    [imperative active second single]
  • anurāgād -
  • anurāga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • ajāyata -
  • jai (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active second plural], [imperfect middle third single]
    jan (verb class 4)
    [imperfect middle third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.29.131

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.29.131 in Kannada sript:
ಪೃಥುಂ ವೈನ್ಯಂ ಪ್ರಜಾ ದೃಷ್ಟ್ವಾ ರಕ್ತಾಃ ಸ್ಮೇತಿ ಯದಬ್ರುವನ್ ।
ತತೋ ರಾಜೇತಿ ನಾಮಾಸ್ಯ ಅನುರಾಗಾದಜಾಯತ ॥ ೧೩೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.29.131 in Bengali sript:
পৃথুং বৈন্যং প্রজা দৃষ্ট্বা রক্তাঃ স্মেতি যদব্রুবন্ ।
ততো রাজেতি নামাস্য অনুরাগাদজাযত ॥ ১৩১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.29.131 in Gujarati sript:
પૃથું વૈન્યં પ્રજા દૃષ્ટ્વા રક્તાઃ સ્મેતિ યદબ્રુવન્ ।
તતો રાજેતિ નામાસ્ય અનુરાગાદજાયત ॥ ૧૩૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.29.131 in Malayalam sript:
പൃഥും വൈന്യം പ്രജാ ദൃഷ്ട്വാ രക്താഃ സ്മേതി യദബ്രുവന് ।
തതോ രാജേതി നാമാസ്യ അനുരാഗാദജായത ॥ ൧൩൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.29.131 in Telugu sript:
పృథుం వైన్యం ప్రజా దృష్ట్వా రక్తాః స్మేతి యదబ్రువన్ ।
తతో రాజేతి నామాస్య అనురాగాదజాయత ॥ ౧౩౧ ॥

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