Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.29.2

ज्ञातिशोकाभिसंतप्तो धर्मराजः परंतपः ।
एष शोकार्णवे मग्नस्तमाश्वासय माधव ॥ २ ॥

jñātiśokābhisaṃtapto dharmarājaḥ paraṃtapaḥ |
eṣa śokārṇave magnastamāśvāsaya mādhava || 2 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...prowess. Sixty thousand sons used to walk behind him, like myriads upon myriads of stars waiting upon the Moon in the cloudless firmament of autumn. His sway extended over the whole of this earth.{GL_NOTE:174256...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.29.2). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Shoka, Abhisantapta, Dharmaraj, Dharmaraja, Parantapa, Esha, Arnava, Magna, Tama, Madhava,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.29.2). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “jñātiśokābhisaṃtapto dharmarājaḥ paraṃtapaḥ
  • jñāti -
  • jñāti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • śokā -
  • śoka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śoka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śokā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    śuk (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • abhisantapto* -
  • abhisantapta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dharmarājaḥ -
  • dharmarāj (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    dharmarāja (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • parantapaḥ -
  • parantapa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “eṣa śokārṇave magnastamāśvāsaya mādhava
  • eṣa -
  • eṣa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    eṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single], [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
    iṣ (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • śokā -
  • śoka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śoka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śokā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    śuk (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • arṇave -
  • arṇava (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    arṇava (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    arṇavā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • magnas -
  • magna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    majj -> magna (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √majj class 6 verb]
  • tamā -
  • tamā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • śvāsaya -
  • śvas (verb class 0)
    [imperative active second single]
  • mādhava -
  • mādhava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mādhava (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.29.2

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.29.2 in Kannada sript:
ಜ್ಞಾತಿಶೋಕಾಭಿಸಂತಪ್ತೋ ಧರ್ಮರಾಜಃ ಪರಂತಪಃ ।
ಏಷ ಶೋಕಾರ್ಣವೇ ಮಗ್ನಸ್ತಮಾಶ್ವಾಸಯ ಮಾಧವ ॥ ೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.29.2 in Bengali sript:
জ্ঞাতিশোকাভিসংতপ্তো ধর্মরাজঃ পরংতপঃ ।
এষ শোকার্ণবে মগ্নস্তমাশ্বাসয মাধব ॥ ২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.29.2 in Gujarati sript:
જ્ઞાતિશોકાભિસંતપ્તો ધર્મરાજઃ પરંતપઃ ।
એષ શોકાર્ણવે મગ્નસ્તમાશ્વાસય માધવ ॥ ૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.29.2 in Malayalam sript:
ജ്ഞാതിശോകാഭിസംതപ്തോ ധര്മരാജഃ പരംതപഃ ।
ഏഷ ശോകാര്ണവേ മഗ്നസ്തമാശ്വാസയ മാധവ ॥ ൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.29.2 in Telugu sript:
జ్ఞాతిశోకాభిసంతప్తో ధర్మరాజః పరంతపః ।
ఏష శోకార్ణవే మగ్నస్తమాశ్వాసయ మాధవ ॥ ౨ ॥

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