Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.22.13

स त्वं यज्ञैर्महाराज यजस्व बहुदक्षिणैः ।
यथैवेन्द्रो मनुष्येन्द्र चिराय विगतज्वरः ॥ १३ ॥

sa tvaṃ yajñairmahārāja yajasva bahudakṣiṇaiḥ |
yathaivendro manuṣyendra cirāya vigatajvaraḥ || 13 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...form of Dakshina is his Renunciation. All these should be regarded as acts that sanctify him. By governing the kingdom with intelligence and policy, casting off pride, performing sacrifices, and looking at everything...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.22.13). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tva, Yushmad, Yajna, Maharaja, Maharajan, Bahudakshina, Yatha, Indra, Manushyendra, Cira, Vigatajvara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.22.13). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sa tvaṃ yajñairmahārāja yajasva bahudakṣiṇaiḥ
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tvam -
  • tva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tva (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • yajñair -
  • yajña (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • mahārāja -
  • mahārāja (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mahārājan (noun, masculine)
    mahārājan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • yajasva -
  • yaj (verb class 1)
    [imperative middle second single]
  • bahudakṣiṇaiḥ -
  • bahudakṣiṇa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    bahudakṣiṇa (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • Line 2: “yathaivendro manuṣyendra cirāya vigatajvaraḥ
  • yathai -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
  • aive -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • indro* -
  • indra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • manuṣyendra -
  • manuṣyendra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • cirāya -
  • cira (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    cira (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • vigatajvaraḥ -
  • vigatajvara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.22.13

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.22.13 in Kannada sript:
ಸ ತ್ವಂ ಯಜ್ಞೈರ್ಮಹಾರಾಜ ಯಜಸ್ವ ಬಹುದಕ್ಷಿಣೈಃ ।
ಯಥೈವೇನ್ದ್ರೋ ಮನುಷ್ಯೇನ್ದ್ರ ಚಿರಾಯ ವಿಗತಜ್ವರಃ ॥ ೧೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.22.13 in Bengali sript:
স ত্বং যজ্ঞৈর্মহারাজ যজস্ব বহুদক্ষিণৈঃ ।
যথৈবেন্দ্রো মনুষ্যেন্দ্র চিরায বিগতজ্বরঃ ॥ ১৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.22.13 in Gujarati sript:
સ ત્વં યજ્ઞૈર્મહારાજ યજસ્વ બહુદક્ષિણૈઃ ।
યથૈવેન્દ્રો મનુષ્યેન્દ્ર ચિરાય વિગતજ્વરઃ ॥ ૧૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.22.13 in Malayalam sript:
സ ത്വം യജ്ഞൈര്മഹാരാജ യജസ്വ ബഹുദക്ഷിണൈഃ ।
യഥൈവേന്ദ്രോ മനുഷ്യേന്ദ്ര ചിരായ വിഗതജ്വരഃ ॥ ൧൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


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Preview of verse 12.22.13 in Telugu sript:
స త్వం యజ్ఞైర్మహారాజ యజస్వ బహుదక్షిణైః ।
యథైవేన్ద్రో మనుష్యేన్ద్ర చిరాయ విగతజ్వరః ॥ ౧౩ ॥

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