Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
tūṣṇīṃbhūtaṃ tu rājānaṃ punarevārjuno'bravīt |
saṃtaptaḥ śokaduḥkhābhyāṃ rājño vākśalyapīḍitaḥ || 1 ||
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kathayanti purāvṛttamitihāsamimaṃ janāḥ |
videharājñaḥ saṃvādaṃ bhāryayā saha bhārata || 2 ||
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utsṛjya rājyaṃ bhaikṣārthaṃ kṛtabuddhiṃ janeśvaram |
videharājaṃ mahiṣī duḥkhitā pratyabhāṣata || 3 ||
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dhanānyapatyaṃ mitrāṇi ratnāni vividhāni ca |
panthānaṃ pāvanaṃ hitvā janako mauṇḍyamāsthitaḥ || 4 ||
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taṃ dadarśa priyā bhāryā bhaikṣyavṛttimakiṃcanam |
dhānāmuṣṭimupāsīnaṃ nirīhaṃ gatamatsaram || 5 ||
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tamuvāca samāgamya bhartāramakutobhayam |
kruddhā manasvinī bhāryā vivikte hetumadvacaḥ || 6 ||
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kathamutsṛjya rājyaṃ svaṃ dhanadhānyasamācitam |
kāpālīṃ vṛttimāsthāya dhānāmuṣṭirvane'caraḥ || 7 ||
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pratijñā te'nyathā rājanviceṣṭā cānyathā tava |
yadrājyaṃ mahadutsṛjya svalpe tuṣyasi pārthiva || 8 ||
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naitenātithayo rājandevarṣipitarastathā |
śakyamadya tvayā bhartuṃ moghaste'yaṃ pariśramaḥ || 9 ||
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devatātithibhiścaiva pitṛbhiścaiva pārthiva |
sarvairetaiḥ parityaktaḥ parivrajasi niṣkriyaḥ || 10 ||
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yastvaṃ traividyavṛddhānāṃ brāhmaṇānāṃ sahasraśaḥ |
bhartā bhūtvā ca lokasya so'dyānyairbhṛtimicchasi || 11 ||
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śriyaṃ hitvā pradīptāṃ tvaṃ śvavatsaṃprati vīkṣyase |
aputrā jananī te'dya kausalyā cāpatistvayā || 12 ||
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aśītirdharmakāmāstvāṃ kṣatriyāḥ paryupāsate |
tvadāśāmabhikāṅkṣantyaḥ kṛpaṇāḥ phalahetukāḥ || 13 ||
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tāśca tvaṃ viphalāḥ kurvankāṃllokānnu gamiṣyasi |
rājansaṃśayite mokṣe paratantreṣu dehiṣu || 14 ||
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naiva te'sti paro loko nāparaḥ pāpakarmaṇaḥ |
dharmyāndārānparityajya yastvamicchasi jīvitum || 15 ||
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srajo gandhānalaṃkārānvāsāṃsi vividhāni ca |
kimarthamabhisaṃtyajya parivrajasi niṣkriyaḥ || 16 ||
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nipānaṃ sarvabhūtānāṃ bhūtvā tvaṃ pāvanaṃ mahat |
āḍhyo vanaspatirbhūtvā so'dyānyānparyupāsase || 17 ||
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khādanti hastinaṃ nyāse kravyādā bahavo'pyuta |
bahavaḥ kṛmayaścaiva kiṃ punastvāmanarthakam || 18 ||
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ya imāṃ kuṇḍikāṃ bhindyāttriviṣṭabdhaṃ ca te haret |
vāsaścāpaharettasminkathaṃ te mānasaṃ bhavet || 19 ||
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yastvayaṃ sarvamutsṛjya dhānāmuṣṭiparigrahaḥ |
yadānena samaṃ sarvaṃ kimidaṃ mama dīyate |
dhānāmuṣṭirihārthaścetpratijñā te vinaśyati || 20 ||
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kā vāhaṃ tava ko me tvaṃ ko'dya te mayyanugrahaḥ |
praśādhi pṛthivīṃ rājanyatra te'nugraho bhavet |
prāsādaṃ śayanaṃ yānaṃ vāsāṃsyābharaṇāni ca || 21 ||
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śriyā nirāśairadhanaistyaktamitrairakiṃcanaiḥ |
saukhikaiḥ saṃbhṛtānarthānyaḥ saṃtyajasi kiṃ nu tat || 22 ||
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yo'tyantaṃ pratigṛhṇīyādyaśca dadyātsadaiva hi |
tayostvamantaraṃ viddhi śreyāṃstābhyāṃ ka ucyate || 23 ||
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sadaiva yācamāneṣu satsu dambhavivarjiṣu |
eteṣu dakṣiṇā dattā dāvāgnāviva durhutam || 24 ||
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jātavedā yathā rājannādagdhvaivopaśāmyati |
sadaiva yācamāno vai tathā śāmyati na dvijaḥ || 25 ||
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satāṃ ca vedā annaṃ ca loke'sminprakṛtirdhruvā |
na ceddātā bhaveddātā kutaḥ syurmokṣakāṅkṣiṇaḥ || 26 ||
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annādgṛhasthā loke'sminbhikṣavastata eva ca |
annātprāṇaḥ prabhavati annadaḥ prāṇado bhavet || 27 ||
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gṛhasthebhyo'bhinirvṛttā gṛhasthāneva saṃśritāḥ |
prabhavaṃ ca pratiṣṭhāṃ ca dāntā nindanta āsate || 28 ||
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tyāgānna bhikṣukaṃ vidyānna mauṇḍyānna ca yācanāt |
ṛjustu yo'rthaṃ tyajati taṃ sukhaṃ viddhi bhikṣukam || 29 ||
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asaktaḥ saktavadgacchanniḥsaṅgo muktabandhanaḥ |
samaḥ śatrau ca mitre ca sa vai mukto mahīpate || 30 ||
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parivrajanti dānārthaṃ muṇḍāḥ kāṣāyavāsasaḥ |
sitā bahuvidhaiḥ pāśaiḥ saṃcinvanto vṛthāmiṣam || 31 ||
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trayīṃ ca nāma vārtāṃ ca tyaktvā putrāṃstyajanti ye |
triviṣṭabdhaṃ ca vāsaśca pratigṛhṇantyabuddhayaḥ || 32 ||
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aniṣkaṣāye kāṣāyamīhārthamiti viddhi tat |
dharmadhvajānāṃ muṇḍānāṃ vṛttyarthamiti me matiḥ || 33 ||
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kāṣāyairajinaiścīrairnagnānmuṇḍāñjaṭādharān |
bibhratsādhūnmahārāja jaya lokāñjitendriyaḥ || 34 ||
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agnyādheyāni gurvarthānkratūnsapaśudakṣiṇān |
dadātyaharahaḥ pūrvaṃ ko nu dharmatarastataḥ || 35 ||
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tattvajño janako rājā loke'sminniti gīyate |
so'pyāsīnmohasaṃpanno mā mohavaśamanvagāḥ || 36 ||
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evaṃ dharmamanukrāntaṃ sadā dānaparairnaraiḥ |
ānṛśaṃsyaguṇopetaiḥ kāmakrodhavivarjitāḥ || 37 ||
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pālayantaḥ prajāścaiva dānamuttamamāsthitāḥ |
iṣṭāṃllokānavāpsyāmo brahmaṇyāḥ satyavādinaḥ || 38 ||
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Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 18

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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