Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.17.22

यदा भूतपृथग्भावमेकस्थमनुपश्यति ।
तत एव च विस्तारं ब्रह्म संपद्यते तदा ॥ २२ ॥

yadā bhūtapṛthagbhāvamekasthamanupaśyati |
tata eva ca vistāraṃ brahma saṃpadyate tadā || 22 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...high end. For the Rudras with the Vasus and the Adityas, O scorcher of foes, and the Sadhyas and hosts of kings adopt this religion. Practising without heedlessness the duties inculcated by that religion, they...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.17.22). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yada, Yad, Bhuta, Prithagbhava, Ekastha, Anupa, Shyat, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Eva, Vistara, Brahma, Brahman, Sampad, Sampadin, Tada,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.17.22). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yadā bhūtapṛthagbhāvamekasthamanupaśyati
  • yadā -
  • yadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yadā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • bhūta -
  • bhūta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhūta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [injunctive active second plural]
  • pṛthagbhāvam -
  • pṛthagbhāva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • ekastham -
  • ekastha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ekastha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ekasthā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • anupa -
  • anupa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    anupa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śyati -
  • śā -> śyat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √śā class 4 verb]
    śā -> śyat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √śā class 4 verb]
    śā (verb class 4)
    [present active third single]
  • Line 2: “tata eva ca vistāraṃ brahma saṃpadyate tadā
  • tata* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vistāram -
  • vistāra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • brahma -
  • brahma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    brahma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    brahman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    brahm (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • sampadya -
  • sampadin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single]
    sampad (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • ate -
  • tadā -
  • tadā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tadā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tadā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.17.22

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.17.22 in Kannada sript:
ಯದಾ ಭೂತಪೃಥಗ್ಭಾವಮೇಕಸ್ಥಮನುಪಶ್ಯತಿ ।
ತತ ಏವ ಚ ವಿಸ್ತಾರಂ ಬ್ರಹ್ಮ ಸಂಪದ್ಯತೇ ತದಾ ॥ ೨೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.17.22 in Bengali sript:
যদা ভূতপৃথগ্ভাবমেকস্থমনুপশ্যতি ।
তত এব চ বিস্তারং ব্রহ্ম সংপদ্যতে তদা ॥ ২২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.17.22 in Gujarati sript:
યદા ભૂતપૃથગ્ભાવમેકસ્થમનુપશ્યતિ ।
તત એવ ચ વિસ્તારં બ્રહ્મ સંપદ્યતે તદા ॥ ૨૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.17.22 in Malayalam sript:
യദാ ഭൂതപൃഥഗ്ഭാവമേകസ്ഥമനുപശ്യതി ।
തത ഏവ ച വിസ്താരം ബ്രഹ്മ സംപദ്യതേ തദാ ॥ ൨൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.17.22 in Telugu sript:
యదా భూతపృథగ్భావమేకస్థమనుపశ్యతి ।
తత ఏవ చ విస్తారం బ్రహ్మ సంపద్యతే తదా ॥ ౨౨ ॥

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