Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.17.17

अपि गाथामिमां गीतां जनकेन वदन्त्युत ।
निर्द्वंद्वेन विमुक्तेन मोक्षं समनुपश्यता ॥ १७ ॥

api gāthāmimāṃ gītāṃ janakena vadantyuta |
nirdvaṃdvena vimuktena mokṣaṃ samanupaśyatā || 17 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...which is not, and subsisting upon the remains of sacrificial feasts, who is engaged in restraining the wicked and cherishing the righteous, who obliges his subjects to tread in the path of virtue and who himself...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.17.17). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Api, Gatha, Iyam, Idam, Gita, Janaka, Vadat, Vadanti, Uta, Nirdvandva, Vimukta, Moksha, Samat, Upa, Shyat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.17.17). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “api gāthāmimāṃ gītāṃ janakena vadantyuta
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • gāthām -
  • gāthā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • imām -
  • iyam (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    idam (pronoun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • gītām -
  • gītā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • janakena -
  • janaka (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    janaka (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • vadantyu -
  • vad -> vadat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √vad class 1 verb], [nominative plural from √vad class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √vad class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √vad class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √vad class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √vad class 1 verb]
    vad -> vadantī (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √vad class 1 verb], [vocative single from √vad class 1 verb]
    vad (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • uta -
  • uta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    uta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    -> uta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ class 1 verb]
    -> uta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ class 1 verb]
    u (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural]
  • Line 2: “nirdvaṃdvena vimuktena mokṣaṃ samanupaśyatā
  • nirdvandvena -
  • nirdvandva (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    nirdvandva (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • vimuktena -
  • vimukta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    vimukta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • mokṣam -
  • mokṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mokṣā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • saman -
  • sam -> samat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √sam class 1 verb], [vocative single from √sam class 1 verb]
  • upa -
  • upa (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    upa (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    upa (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    upa (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • śyatā -
  • śā -> śyat (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental single from √śā class 4 verb]
    śā -> śyat (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental single from √śā class 4 verb]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.17.17

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.17.17 in Kannada sript:
ಅಪಿ ಗಾಥಾಮಿಮಾಂ ಗೀತಾಂ ಜನಕೇನ ವದನ್ತ್ಯುತ ।
ನಿರ್ದ್ವಂದ್ವೇನ ವಿಮುಕ್ತೇನ ಮೋಕ್ಷಂ ಸಮನುಪಶ್ಯತಾ ॥ ೧೭ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.17.17 in Bengali sript:
অপি গাথামিমাং গীতাং জনকেন বদন্ত্যুত ।
নির্দ্বংদ্বেন বিমুক্তেন মোক্ষং সমনুপশ্যতা ॥ ১৭ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.17.17 in Gujarati sript:
અપિ ગાથામિમાં ગીતાં જનકેન વદન્ત્યુત ।
નિર્દ્વંદ્વેન વિમુક્તેન મોક્ષં સમનુપશ્યતા ॥ ૧૭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.17.17 in Malayalam sript:
അപി ഗാഥാമിമാം ഗീതാം ജനകേന വദന്ത്യുത ।
നിര്ദ്വംദ്വേന വിമുക്തേന മോക്ഷം സമനുപശ്യതാ ॥ ൧൭ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.17.17 in Telugu sript:
అపి గాథామిమాం గీతాం జనకేన వదన్త్యుత ।
నిర్ద్వంద్వేన విముక్తేన మోక్షం సమనుపశ్యతా ॥ ౧౭ ॥

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