Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.7.31

सोऽस्माकं वैरपुरुषो दुर्मन्त्रिप्रग्रहं गतः ।
दुर्योधनकृते ह्येतत्कुलं नो विनिपातितम् ।
अवध्यानां वधं कृत्वा लोके प्राप्ताः स्म वाच्यताम् ॥ ३१ ॥

so'smākaṃ vairapuruṣo durmantripragrahaṃ gataḥ |
duryodhanakṛte hyetatkulaṃ no vinipātitam |
avadhyānāṃ vadhaṃ kṛtvā loke prāptāḥ sma vācyatām || 31 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...shall emaciate my body by penances as laid down in the ordinance. Charming to the heart and the ear, I shall daily listen to the clear strains of, cheerful birds and animals residing in the woods. I shall enjoy...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.7.31). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sah, Asmaka, Asmad, Vairapurusha, Durmantrin, Pragraha, Gat, Gata, Duryodhana, Krite, Krit, Krita, Kriti, Etad, Kula, Vinipatita, Avadhya, Vadha, Kritva, Kritvan, Loka, Prapta, Sma, Vacyata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.7.31). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “so'smākaṃ vairapuruṣo durmantripragrahaṃ gataḥ
  • so' -
  • saḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    so (noun, feminine)
    [compound]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • asmākam -
  • asmāka (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    asmāka (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    asmākā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [genitive plural]
  • vairapuruṣo* -
  • vairapuruṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • durmantri -
  • durmantrin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    durmantrin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • pragraham -
  • pragraha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pragraha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    pragrahā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • gataḥ -
  • gat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    gat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    gata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “duryodhanakṛte hyetatkulaṃ no vinipātitam
  • duryodhana -
  • duryodhana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    duryodhana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kṛte -
  • kṛte (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kṛte (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    kṛt (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    kṛt (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    kṛta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    kṛti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    kṛti (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [locative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [locative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [locative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √kṛ class 1 verb], [locative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √kṛ class 2 verb], [locative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative dual from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative dual from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative dual from √kṛ class 5 verb], [locative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative dual from √kṛ class 8 verb], [vocative dual from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative dual from √kṛ class 8 verb], [locative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛtā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative dual from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative dual from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative dual from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative dual from √kṛ class 8 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 8 verb], [vocative dual from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative dual from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [present middle third single]
  • hye -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • etat -
  • etad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    etad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kulam -
  • kula (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kula (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kulā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • no* -
  • na (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [accusative plural], [dative plural], [genitive plural]
  • vinipātitam -
  • vinipātita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vinipātita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vinipātitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 3: “avadhyānāṃ vadhaṃ kṛtvā loke prāptāḥ sma vācyatām
  • avadhyānām -
  • avadhya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    avadhya (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    avadhyā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • vadham -
  • vadha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vadhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • kṛtvā -
  • kṛtvā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛtvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • loke -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    lok (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • prāptāḥ -
  • prāpta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    prāptā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • sma -
  • sma (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sman (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • vācyatām -
  • vācyatā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    vac (verb class 0)
    [imperative passive third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.7.31

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.7.31 in Kannada sript:
ಸೋಽಸ್ಮಾಕಂ ವೈರಪುರುಷೋ ದುರ್ಮನ್ತ್ರಿಪ್ರಗ್ರಹಂ ಗತಃ ।
ದುರ್ಯೋಧನಕೃತೇ ಹ್ಯೇತತ್ಕುಲಂ ನೋ ವಿನಿಪಾತಿತಮ್ ।
ಅವಧ್ಯಾನಾಂ ವಧಂ ಕೃತ್ವಾ ಲೋಕೇ ಪ್ರಾಪ್ತಾಃ ಸ್ಮ ವಾಚ್ಯತಾಮ್ ॥ ೩೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.7.31 in Bengali sript:
সোঽস্মাকং বৈরপুরুষো দুর্মন্ত্রিপ্রগ্রহং গতঃ ।
দুর্যোধনকৃতে হ্যেতত্কুলং নো বিনিপাতিতম্ ।
অবধ্যানাং বধং কৃত্বা লোকে প্রাপ্তাঃ স্ম বাচ্যতাম্ ॥ ৩১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.7.31 in Gujarati sript:
સોઽસ્માકં વૈરપુરુષો દુર્મન્ત્રિપ્રગ્રહં ગતઃ ।
દુર્યોધનકૃતે હ્યેતત્કુલં નો વિનિપાતિતમ્ ।
અવધ્યાનાં વધં કૃત્વા લોકે પ્રાપ્તાઃ સ્મ વાચ્યતામ્ ॥ ૩૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.7.31 in Malayalam sript:
സോഽസ്മാകം വൈരപുരുഷോ ദുര്മന്ത്രിപ്രഗ്രഹം ഗതഃ ।
ദുര്യോധനകൃതേ ഹ്യേതത്കുലം നോ വിനിപാതിതമ് ।
അവധ്യാനാം വധം കൃത്വാ ലോകേ പ്രാപ്താഃ സ്മ വാച്യതാമ് ॥ ൩൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.7.31 in Telugu sript:
సోఽస్మాకం వైరపురుషో దుర్మన్త్రిప్రగ్రహం గతః ।
దుర్యోధనకృతే హ్యేతత్కులం నో వినిపాతితమ్ ।
అవధ్యానాం వధం కృత్వా లోకే ప్రాప్తాః స్మ వాచ్యతామ్ ॥ ౩౧ ॥

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