Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.4.5

ततः स्वयंवरे तस्मिन्संप्रवृत्ते महोत्सवे ।
समापेतुर्नृपतयः कन्यार्थे नृपसत्तम ॥ ५ ॥

tataḥ svayaṃvare tasminsaṃpravṛtte mahotsave |
samāpeturnṛpatayaḥ kanyārthe nṛpasattama || 5 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview. pacifying him or inducing him to unite himself with you. Succumbing to the influence of Time, he became resolved upon wreaking his enmity on you. As he was bent upon doing injuries upon you all, I myself...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.4.5). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Svayamvara, Sampravritta, Sampravritti, Mahotsava, Samapa, Nripati, Kani, Kanya, Artha, Nripa, Sattama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.4.5). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tataḥ svayaṃvare tasminsaṃpravṛtte mahotsave
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • svayaṃvare -
  • svayaṃvara (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    svayaṃvara (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    svayaṃvarā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • tasmin -
  • tad (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • sampravṛtte -
  • sampravṛtta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    sampravṛtta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sampravṛttā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sampravṛtti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • mahotsave -
  • mahotsava (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • Line 2: “samāpeturnṛpatayaḥ kanyārthe nṛpasattama
  • samāpe -
  • samāpa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • tur -
  • tur (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    tur (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • nṛpatayaḥ -
  • nṛpati (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • kanyā -
  • kanī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [instrumental single]
    kanya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kanya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kanyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ārthe -
  • ārtha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ārtha (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    arth (verb class 1)
    [imperfect middle first single]
  • nṛpa -
  • nṛpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sattama -
  • sattama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sattama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.4.5

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.4.5 in Kannada sript:
ತತಃ ಸ್ವಯಂವರೇ ತಸ್ಮಿನ್ಸಂಪ್ರವೃತ್ತೇ ಮಹೋತ್ಸವೇ ।
ಸಮಾಪೇತುರ್ನೃಪತಯಃ ಕನ್ಯಾರ್ಥೇ ನೃಪಸತ್ತಮ ॥ ೫ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.4.5 in Bengali sript:
ততঃ স্বযংবরে তস্মিন্সংপ্রবৃত্তে মহোত্সবে ।
সমাপেতুর্নৃপতযঃ কন্যার্থে নৃপসত্তম ॥ ৫ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.4.5 in Gujarati sript:
તતઃ સ્વયંવરે તસ્મિન્સંપ્રવૃત્તે મહોત્સવે ।
સમાપેતુર્નૃપતયઃ કન્યાર્થે નૃપસત્તમ ॥ ૫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.4.5 in Malayalam sript:
തതഃ സ്വയംവരേ തസ്മിന്സംപ്രവൃത്തേ മഹോത്സവേ ।
സമാപേതുര്നൃപതയഃ കന്യാര്ഥേ നൃപസത്തമ ॥ ൫ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.4.5 in Telugu sript:
తతః స్వయంవరే తస్మిన్సంప్రవృత్తే మహోత్సవే ।
సమాపేతుర్నృపతయః కన్యార్థే నృపసత్తమ ॥ ౫ ॥

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