Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.4.1

नारद उवाच ।
कर्णस्तु समवाप्यैतदस्त्रं भार्गवनन्दनात् ।
दुर्योधनेन सहितो मुमुदे भरतर्षभ ॥ १ ॥

nārada uvāca |
karṇastu samavāpyaitadastraṃ bhārgavanandanāt |
duryodhanena sahito mumude bharatarṣabha || 1 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Yudhishthira, filled with grief, became plunged in meditation. Beholding that hero cheerless and unmanned by sorrow, sighing like a snake and shedding copious tears, Kunti, herself filled with grief and almost...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.4.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Narada, Karna, Sama, Vapi, Vapya, Etad, Tra, Bhargava, Nandana, Duryodhana, Sahitri, Sahita, Bharatarshabha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.4.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “nārada uvāca
  • nārada* -
  • nārada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “karṇastu samavāpyaitadastraṃ bhārgavanandanāt
  • karṇas -
  • karṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • sama -
  • sama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sam (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • vāpyai -
  • vāpya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vāpya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    -> vāpya (participle, masculine)
    [compound from √]
    -> vāpya (participle, neuter)
    [compound from √]
    vap -> vāpya (participle, masculine)
    [compound from √vap]
    vap -> vāpya (participle, neuter)
    [compound from √vap]
    -> vāpya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √]
    vap -> vāpya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √vap]
    vāpi (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single], [dative single]
    vāpī (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single], [dative single]
    vāpyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    -> vāpya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √]
    -> vāpya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √]
    -> vāpyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √]
    vap -> vāpya (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √vap]
    vap -> vāpya (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √vap]
    vap -> vāpyā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √vap]
    (verb class 0)
    [imperative passive first single]
    vap (verb class 0)
    [imperative passive first single]
  • etadas -
  • etad (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • tram -
  • tra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    tra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    trā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • bhārgava -
  • bhārgava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhārgava (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nandanāt -
  • nandana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    nandana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • Line 3: “duryodhanena sahito mumude bharatarṣabha
  • duryodhanena -
  • duryodhana (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    duryodhana (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • sahito* -
  • sahitṛ (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    sahita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sah -> sahita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √sah class 1 verb], [nominative single from √sah class 10 verb]
  • mumude -
  • mud (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • bharatarṣabha -
  • bharatarṣabha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.4.1

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.4.1 in Kannada sript:
ನಾರದ ಉವಾಚ ।
ಕರ್ಣಸ್ತು ಸಮವಾಪ್ಯೈತದಸ್ತ್ರಂ ಭಾರ್ಗವನನ್ದನಾತ್ ।
ದುರ್ಯೋಧನೇನ ಸಹಿತೋ ಮುಮುದೇ ಭರತರ್ಷಭ ॥ ೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.4.1 in Bengali sript:
নারদ উবাচ ।
কর্ণস্তু সমবাপ্যৈতদস্ত্রং ভার্গবনন্দনাত্ ।
দুর্যোধনেন সহিতো মুমুদে ভরতর্ষভ ॥ ১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.4.1 in Gujarati sript:
નારદ ઉવાચ ।
કર્ણસ્તુ સમવાપ્યૈતદસ્ત્રં ભાર્ગવનન્દનાત્ ।
દુર્યોધનેન સહિતો મુમુદે ભરતર્ષભ ॥ ૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.4.1 in Malayalam sript:
നാരദ ഉവാച ।
കര്ണസ്തു സമവാപ്യൈതദസ്ത്രം ഭാര്ഗവനന്ദനാത് ।
ദുര്യോധനേന സഹിതോ മുമുദേ ഭരതര്ഷഭ ॥ ൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.4.1 in Telugu sript:
నారద ఉవాచ ।
కర్ణస్తు సమవాప్యైతదస్త్రం భార్గవనన్దనాత్ ।
దుర్యోధనేన సహితో ముముదే భరతర్షభ ॥ ౧ ॥

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