Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.3.2

तस्मै स विधिवत्कृत्स्नं ब्रह्मास्त्रं सनिवर्तनम् ।
प्रोवाचाखिलमव्यग्रं तपस्वी सुतपस्विने ॥ २ ॥

tasmai sa vidhivatkṛtsnaṃ brahmāstraṃ sanivartanam |
provācākhilamavyagraṃ tapasvī sutapasvine || 2 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...a race that has sprung from the intermixture of Brahmanas with Kshatriyas. People call me Karna the son of Radha. O you of Bhrigu’s race, be gratified with my poor self that has acted from the desire of obtaining...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.3.2). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Vidhivat, Kritsna, Brahmastra, Sani, Vartana, Pra, Akhila, Avyagram, Avyagra, Tapasvin, Tapasvi, Sutapasvin, Sutapasvi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.3.2). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tasmai sa vidhivatkṛtsnaṃ brahmāstraṃ sanivartanam
  • tasmai -
  • tad (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vidhivat -
  • vidhivat (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • kṛtsnam -
  • kṛtsna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṛtsna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṛtsnā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • brahmāstram -
  • brahmāstra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • sani -
  • sani (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    sani (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    sani (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    sanī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • vartanam -
  • vartana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vartana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vartanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “provācākhilamavyagraṃ tapasvī sutapasvine
  • pro -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    pra (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
    prā (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • uvācā -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • akhilam -
  • akhila (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    akhila (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    akhilā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • avyagram -
  • avyagram (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    avyagra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    avyagra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    avyagrā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • tapasvī -
  • tapasvī (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    tapasvī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    tapasvin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sutapasvine -
  • sutapasvin (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    sutapasvin (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    sutapasvī (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.3.2

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.3.2 in Kannada sript:
ತಸ್ಮೈ ಸ ವಿಧಿವತ್ಕೃತ್ಸ್ನಂ ಬ್ರಹ್ಮಾಸ್ತ್ರಂ ಸನಿವರ್ತನಮ್ ।
ಪ್ರೋವಾಚಾಖಿಲಮವ್ಯಗ್ರಂ ತಪಸ್ವೀ ಸುತಪಸ್ವಿನೇ ॥ ೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.3.2 in Bengali sript:
তস্মৈ স বিধিবত্কৃত্স্নং ব্রহ্মাস্ত্রং সনিবর্তনম্ ।
প্রোবাচাখিলমব্যগ্রং তপস্বী সুতপস্বিনে ॥ ২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.3.2 in Gujarati sript:
તસ્મૈ સ વિધિવત્કૃત્સ્નં બ્રહ્માસ્ત્રં સનિવર્તનમ્ ।
પ્રોવાચાખિલમવ્યગ્રં તપસ્વી સુતપસ્વિને ॥ ૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.3.2 in Malayalam sript:
തസ്മൈ സ വിധിവത്കൃത്സ്നം ബ്രഹ്മാസ്ത്രം സനിവര്തനമ് ।
പ്രോവാചാഖിലമവ്യഗ്രം തപസ്വീ സുതപസ്വിനേ ॥ ൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.3.2 in Telugu sript:
తస్మై స విధివత్కృత్స్నం బ్రహ్మాస్త్రం సనివర్తనమ్ ।
ప్రోవాచాఖిలమవ్యగ్రం తపస్వీ సుతపస్వినే ॥ ౨ ॥

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