Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 10.12.1

वैशंपायन उवाच ।
तस्मिन्प्रयाते दुर्धर्षे यदूनामृषभस्ततः ।
अब्रवीत्पुण्डरीकाक्षः कुन्तीपुत्रं युधिष्ठिरम् ॥ १ ॥

vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
tasminprayāte durdharṣe yadūnāmṛṣabhastataḥ |
abravītpuṇḍarīkākṣaḥ kuntīputraṃ yudhiṣṭhiram || 1 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...days, slay now, O slayer of foes, the son of Drona and be you happy!" Hearing these and other piteous lamentations of the princess, Kunti’s son, Bhimasena, of...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (10.12.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vaishampayana, Tad, Prayata, Prayati, Durdharsha, Yadu, Rishabha, Tatah, Tata, Pundarikaksha, Kunti, Putra, Yudhishthira,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 10.12.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca
  • vaiśampāyana* -
  • vaiśampāyana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “tasminprayāte durdharṣe yadūnāmṛṣabhastataḥ
  • tasmin -
  • tad (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • prayāte -
  • prayāta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    prayāta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    prayātā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    prayāti (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    prayāti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    pre (verb class 2)
    [present middle third dual]
  • durdharṣe -
  • durdharṣa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    durdharṣa (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    durdharṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • yadūnām -
  • yadu (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • ṛṣabhas -
  • ṛṣabha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • Line 3: “abravītpuṇḍarīkākṣaḥ kuntīputraṃ yudhiṣṭhiram
  • abravīt -
  • brū (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active third single]
  • puṇḍarīkākṣaḥ -
  • puṇḍarīkākṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • kuntī -
  • kuntī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    kunti (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • putram -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    putra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    putrā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • yudhiṣṭhiram -
  • yudhiṣṭhira (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 10.12.1

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 10.12.1 in Kannada sript:
ವೈಶಂಪಾಯನ ಉವಾಚ ।
ತಸ್ಮಿನ್ಪ್ರಯಾತೇ ದುರ್ಧರ್ಷೇ ಯದೂನಾಮೃಷಭಸ್ತತಃ ।
ಅಬ್ರವೀತ್ಪುಣ್ಡರೀಕಾಕ್ಷಃ ಕುನ್ತೀಪುತ್ರಂ ಯುಧಿಷ್ಠಿರಮ್ ॥ ೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 10.12.1 in Bengali sript:
বৈশংপাযন উবাচ ।
তস্মিন্প্রযাতে দুর্ধর্ষে যদূনামৃষভস্ততঃ ।
অব্রবীত্পুণ্ডরীকাক্ষঃ কুন্তীপুত্রং যুধিষ্ঠিরম্ ॥ ১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 10.12.1 in Gujarati sript:
વૈશંપાયન ઉવાચ ।
તસ્મિન્પ્રયાતે દુર્ધર્ષે યદૂનામૃષભસ્તતઃ ।
અબ્રવીત્પુણ્ડરીકાક્ષઃ કુન્તીપુત્રં યુધિષ્ઠિરમ્ ॥ ૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 10.12.1 in Malayalam sript:
വൈശംപായന ഉവാച ।
തസ്മിന്പ്രയാതേ ദുര്ധര്ഷേ യദൂനാമൃഷഭസ്തതഃ ।
അബ്രവീത്പുണ്ഡരീകാക്ഷഃ കുന്തീപുത്രം യുധിഷ്ഠിരമ് ॥ ൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 10.12.1 in Telugu sript:
వైశంపాయన ఉవాచ ।
తస్మిన్ప్రయాతే దుర్ధర్షే యదూనామృషభస్తతః ।
అబ్రవీత్పుణ్డరీకాక్షః కున్తీపుత్రం యుధిష్ఠిరమ్ ॥ ౧ ॥

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