Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 10.4.33

अहं तु कदनं कृत्वा शत्रूणामद्य सौप्तिके ।
ततो विश्रमिता चैव स्वप्ता च विगतज्वरः ॥ ३३ ॥

ahaṃ tu kadanaṃ kṛtvā śatrūṇāmadya sauptike |
tato viśramitā caiva svaptā ca vigatajvaraḥ || 33 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...succeeds in knowing all the rules of morality and never disputes with what is accepted by all. An ungovernable, irreverent, and sinful person of wicked soul perpetrates...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (10.4.33). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Aha, Asmad, Kadana, Kritva, Kritvan, Shatru, Adya, Sauptika, Tatah, Tad, Tata, Vishramita, Svaptri, Vigatajvara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 10.4.33). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ahaṃ tu kadanaṃ kṛtvā śatrūṇāmadya sauptike
  • aham -
  • aha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [nominative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • kadanam -
  • kadana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kṛtvā -
  • kṛtvā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛ -> kṛtvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √kṛ]
    kṛtvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • śatrūṇām -
  • śatru (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • adya -
  • adya (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    adya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    adya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sauptike -
  • sauptika (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    sauptika (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    sauptikā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “tato viśramitā caiva svaptā ca vigatajvaraḥ
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • viśramitā -
  • viśramitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • svaptā -
  • svaptṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    svap (verb class 2)
    [periphrastic-future active third single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vigatajvaraḥ -
  • vigatajvara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 10.4.33

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 10.4.33 in Kannada sript:
ಅಹಂ ತು ಕದನಂ ಕೃತ್ವಾ ಶತ್ರೂಣಾಮದ್ಯ ಸೌಪ್ತಿಕೇ ।
ತತೋ ವಿಶ್ರಮಿತಾ ಚೈವ ಸ್ವಪ್ತಾ ಚ ವಿಗತಜ್ವರಃ ॥ ೩೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 10.4.33 in Bengali sript:
অহং তু কদনং কৃত্বা শত্রূণামদ্য সৌপ্তিকে ।
ততো বিশ্রমিতা চৈব স্বপ্তা চ বিগতজ্বরঃ ॥ ৩৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 10.4.33 in Gujarati sript:
અહં તુ કદનં કૃત્વા શત્રૂણામદ્ય સૌપ્તિકે ।
તતો વિશ્રમિતા ચૈવ સ્વપ્તા ચ વિગતજ્વરઃ ॥ ૩૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 10.4.33 in Malayalam sript:
അഹം തു കദനം കൃത്വാ ശത്രൂണാമദ്യ സൌപ്തികേ ।
തതോ വിശ്രമിതാ ചൈവ സ്വപ്താ ച വിഗതജ്വരഃ ॥ ൩൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 10.4.33 in Telugu sript:
అహం తు కదనం కృత్వా శత్రూణామద్య సౌప్తికే ।
తతో విశ్రమితా చైవ స్వప్తా చ విగతజ్వరః ॥ ౩౩ ॥

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