Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 9.64.19

अध्रुवा सर्वमर्त्येषु ध्रुवं श्रीरुपलक्ष्यते ।
भवतो व्यसनं दृष्ट्वा शक्रविस्पर्धिनो भृशम् ॥ १९ ॥

adhruvā sarvamartyeṣu dhruvaṃ śrīrupalakṣyate |
bhavato vyasanaṃ dṛṣṭvā śakravispardhino bhṛśam || 19 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Duryodhana, all of them sat on the earth around him. Then Drona’s son, O monarch, with tearful eyes and breathing like a snake, said these words unto that chief of...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.64.19). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Adhruva, Sarvam, Sarva, Arti, Idam, Dhruvam, Dhruva, Shri, Upalakshya, Tad, Yushmad, Bhavat, Bhavant, Vyasana, Shakra, Spardhin, Bhrisham, Bhrisha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 9.64.19). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “adhruvā sarvamartyeṣu dhruvaṃ śrīrupalakṣyate
  • adhruvā -
  • adhruvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • sarvam -
  • sarvam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sarva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sarva (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • artye -
  • arti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • eṣu -
  • e (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    idam (pronoun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • dhruvam -
  • dhruvam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    dhruva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dhruva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dhruvā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • śrīr -
  • śrī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative plural]
    śrī (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • upalakṣya -
  • upalakṣya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    upalakṣya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “bhavato vyasanaṃ dṛṣṭvā śakravispardhino bhṛśam
  • bhavato* -
  • bhavat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhavat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhavant (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhavant (pronoun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    bhū (verb class 1)
    [present active third dual]
  • vyasanam -
  • vyasana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • dṛṣṭvā -
  • dṛś -> dṛṣṭvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √dṛś]
  • śakra -
  • śakra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śakra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vi -
  • vi (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    vi (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    vi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ve (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • spardhino* -
  • spardhin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    spardhin (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • bhṛśam -
  • bhṛśam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    bhṛśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhṛśa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhṛśā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 9.64.19

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 9.64.19 in Kannada sript:
ಅಧ್ರುವಾ ಸರ್ವಮರ್ತ್ಯೇಷು ಧ್ರುವಂ ಶ್ರೀರುಪಲಕ್ಷ್ಯತೇ ।
ಭವತೋ ವ್ಯಸನಂ ದೃಷ್ಟ್ವಾ ಶಕ್ರವಿಸ್ಪರ್ಧಿನೋ ಭೃಶಮ್ ॥ ೧೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 9.64.19 in Bengali sript:
অধ্রুবা সর্বমর্ত্যেষু ধ্রুবং শ্রীরুপলক্ষ্যতে ।
ভবতো ব্যসনং দৃষ্ট্বা শক্রবিস্পর্ধিনো ভৃশম্ ॥ ১৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 9.64.19 in Gujarati sript:
અધ્રુવા સર્વમર્ત્યેષુ ધ્રુવં શ્રીરુપલક્ષ્યતે ।
ભવતો વ્યસનં દૃષ્ટ્વા શક્રવિસ્પર્ધિનો ભૃશમ્ ॥ ૧૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 9.64.19 in Malayalam sript:
അധ്രുവാ സര്വമര്ത്യേഷു ധ്രുവം ശ്രീരുപലക്ഷ്യതേ ।
ഭവതോ വ്യസനം ദൃഷ്ട്വാ ശക്രവിസ്പര്ധിനോ ഭൃശമ് ॥ ൧൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 9.64.19 in Telugu sript:
అధ్రువా సర్వమర్త్యేషు ధ్రువం శ్రీరుపలక్ష్యతే ।
భవతో వ్యసనం దృష్ట్వా శక్రవిస్పర్ధినో భృశమ్ ॥ ౧౯ ॥

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