Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 9.49.1

वैशंपायन उवाच ।
तस्मिन्नेव तु धर्मात्मा वसति स्म तपोधनः ।
गार्हस्थ्यं धर्ममास्थाय असितो देवलः पुरा ॥ १ ॥

vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
tasminneva tu dharmātmā vasati sma tapodhanaḥ |
gārhasthyaṃ dharmamāsthāya asito devalaḥ purā || 1 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...resort of gods and regenerate Rishis, Baladeva duly worshipped the ascetics there, and then proceeded to the tirtha called Yamuna. Endued with great effulgence, Varuna...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.49.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Vaishampayana, Tad, Eva, Dharmatman, Vasati, Vasat, Sma, Tapodhana, Garhasthya, Dharma, Asthaya, Asita, Devala, Pura, Pur,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 9.49.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca
  • vaiśampāyana* -
  • vaiśampāyana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “tasminneva tu dharmātmā vasati sma tapodhanaḥ
  • tasminn -
  • tad (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • dharmātmā -
  • dharmātman (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vasati -
  • vasati (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vasati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vasati (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    vasatī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    vas -> vasat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √vas class 1 verb]
    vas -> vasat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √vas class 1 verb]
    vas (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • sma -
  • sma (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sman (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • tapodhanaḥ -
  • tapodhana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 3: “gārhasthyaṃ dharmamāsthāya asito devalaḥ purā
  • gārhasthyam -
  • gārhasthya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    gārhasthya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    gārhasthyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • dharmam -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dharman (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    dharman (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
    dharmā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • āsthāya -
  • āsthāya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • asito* -
  • asita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • devalaḥ -
  • devala (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • purā -
  • purā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    pur (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    purā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 9.49.1

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 9.49.1 in Kannada sript:
ವೈಶಂಪಾಯನ ಉವಾಚ ।
ತಸ್ಮಿನ್ನೇವ ತು ಧರ್ಮಾತ್ಮಾ ವಸತಿ ಸ್ಮ ತಪೋಧನಃ ।
ಗಾರ್ಹಸ್ಥ್ಯಂ ಧರ್ಮಮಾಸ್ಥಾಯ ಅಸಿತೋ ದೇವಲಃ ಪುರಾ ॥ ೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 9.49.1 in Bengali sript:
বৈশংপাযন উবাচ ।
তস্মিন্নেব তু ধর্মাত্মা বসতি স্ম তপোধনঃ ।
গার্হস্থ্যং ধর্মমাস্থায অসিতো দেবলঃ পুরা ॥ ১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 9.49.1 in Gujarati sript:
વૈશંપાયન ઉવાચ ।
તસ્મિન્નેવ તુ ધર્માત્મા વસતિ સ્મ તપોધનઃ ।
ગાર્હસ્થ્યં ધર્મમાસ્થાય અસિતો દેવલઃ પુરા ॥ ૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 9.49.1 in Malayalam sript:
വൈശംപായന ഉവാച ।
തസ്മിന്നേവ തു ധര്മാത്മാ വസതി സ്മ തപോധനഃ ।
ഗാര്ഹസ്ഥ്യം ധര്മമാസ്ഥായ അസിതോ ദേവലഃ പുരാ ॥ ൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 9.49.1 in Telugu sript:
వైశంపాయన ఉవాచ ।
తస్మిన్నేవ తు ధర్మాత్మా వసతి స్మ తపోధనః ।
గార్హస్థ్యం ధర్మమాస్థాయ అసితో దేవలః పురా ॥ ౧ ॥

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