Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 9.44.39

पालितकं कालिकं च महामायाविनावुभौ ।
पूषा च पार्षदौ प्रादात्कार्त्तिकेयाय भारत ॥ ३९ ॥

pālitakaṃ kālikaṃ ca mahāmāyāvināvubhau |
pūṣā ca pārṣadau prādātkārttikeyāya bhārata || 39 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Airavat with all his followers, the Divisions of time called Kala, Kashtha, Fortnight, the Seasons, Night, and Day, O king, the prince of steeds, Ucchaisravas, Vasuki...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.44.39). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Palitaka, Kalika, Mahamaya, Ina, Inu, Ubha, Pusha, Pushan, Parshad, Parshada, Pra, Prat, Karttikeya, Bharata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 9.44.39). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “pālitakaṃ kālikaṃ ca mahāmāyāvināvubhau
  • pālitakam -
  • pālitaka (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pālitaka (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • kālikam -
  • kālika (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kālikā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mahāmāyāvi -
  • mahāmāya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ināvu -
  • ina (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    inu (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • ubhau -
  • ubha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “pūṣā ca pārṣadau prādātkārttikeyāya bhārata
  • pūṣā -
  • pūṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    pūṣan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pārṣadau -
  • pārṣad (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pārṣada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • prād -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    prā -> prāt (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √prā class 2 verb], [vocative single from √prā class 2 verb], [accusative single from √prā class 2 verb]
  • āt -
  • āt (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • kārttikeyāya -
  • kārttikeya (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
  • bhārata -
  • bhārata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bhārata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 9.44.39

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 9.44.39 in Kannada sript:
ಪಾಲಿತಕಂ ಕಾಲಿಕಂ ಚ ಮಹಾಮಾಯಾವಿನಾವುಭೌ ।
ಪೂಷಾ ಚ ಪಾರ್ಷದೌ ಪ್ರಾದಾತ್ಕಾರ್ತ್ತಿಕೇಯಾಯ ಭಾರತ ॥ ೩೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 9.44.39 in Bengali sript:
পালিতকং কালিকং চ মহামাযাবিনাবুভৌ ।
পূষা চ পার্ষদৌ প্রাদাত্কার্ত্তিকেযায ভারত ॥ ৩৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 9.44.39 in Gujarati sript:
પાલિતકં કાલિકં ચ મહામાયાવિનાવુભૌ ।
પૂષા ચ પાર્ષદૌ પ્રાદાત્કાર્ત્તિકેયાય ભારત ॥ ૩૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 9.44.39 in Malayalam sript:
പാലിതകം കാലികം ച മഹാമായാവിനാവുഭൌ ।
പൂഷാ ച പാര്ഷദൌ പ്രാദാത്കാര്ത്തികേയായ ഭാരത ॥ ൩൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 9.44.39 in Telugu sript:
పాలితకం కాలికం చ మహామాయావినావుభౌ ।
పూషా చ పార్షదౌ ప్రాదాత్కార్త్తికేయాయ భారత ॥ ౩౯ ॥

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